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Do shadow banks create money? 'Financialisation' and the monetary circuit

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  • Jo Michell

    (UWE Bristol)

Abstract

The rise of the shadow banking system is viewed throught the lens of Graziani's Monetary Theory of Production. Graziani's categories of 'initial finance' and 'final finance' are used to analyse the new forms of credit created in the shadow banking sector. It is argued that the accumulation of leverage in the shadow banking system and the creation of credit money by the traditional banking sector are symbiotic processes. While Graziani's triangular debtor-bank-creditor relationship remains central, the circuit operates in a perverse form in which household debt is stored on the balance sheets of shadow banks, allowing the banking system to break the historical connection between money creation and productive activity.

Suggested Citation

  • Jo Michell, 2016. "Do shadow banks create money? 'Financialisation' and the monetary circuit," Working Papers PKWP1605, Post Keynesian Economics Society (PKES).
  • Handle: RePEc:pke:wpaper:pkwp1605
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    Cited by:

    1. Dögüs, Ilhan, 2021. "Financialisation and market concentration in the USA: A monetary circuit theory," ZÖSS-Discussion Papers 87, University of Hamburg, Centre for Economic and Sociological Studies (CESS/ZÖSS).
    2. Richard Senner & Didier Sornette, 2019. "The Holy Grail of Crypto Currencies: Ready to Replace Fiat Money?," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(4), pages 966-1000, October.
    3. Teodora Cristina Barbu & Iustina Alina Boitan & Sorin Iulian Cioaca, 2016. "Macroeconomic Determinants Of Shadow Banking – Evidence From Eu Countries," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 18, pages 11-129, December.
    4. Koddenbrock, Kai, 2017. "What money does: An inquiry into the backbone of capitalist political economy," MPIfG Discussion Paper 17/9, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary circuit; endogenous money; shadow banking; financialization; Graziani;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian; Modern Monetary Theory
    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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