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Trends in Time Allocation: A Cross-Country Analysis

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  • Almudena Sevilla-Sanz
  • Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal

Abstract

Using detailed time-use data for seven industrialized countries from the 1970s until today we document general decreases in men's market work coupled with increases in men's unpaid work and child care, and increases in women's paid work and child care coupled with decreases in unpaid work. We also find almost universal increases in the time devoted to watching television over this period, and uncover a widespread increase in leisure inequality in favour of lower educated adults. Trends in leisure inequality mirror the general increase in income and earnings inequality experienced in most countries over this period, especially after the mid-1980s. All tlhese findings are consistent with previous results for the US. However, in contrast to the increases in leisure found for the US, we fail to find common trends in leisure time across countries over the period analyzed. By uncovering how individuals allocate their time outside of the market for a wide range of industrialized countries over a long period of time, our results may improve our understanding of the dynamics of economic change and welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Almudena Sevilla-Sanz & Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal, 2011. "Trends in Time Allocation: A Cross-Country Analysis," Economics Series Working Papers 547, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:547
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Time use survey; Leisure inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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