The Time-crunch Paradox
Previous research has shown little difference in the average leisure time of men and women.� This finding is a challenge to the second shift argument, which suggests that increases in female labor market hours have not been compensated by equal decreases in household labor.� This paper presents time-use and leisure satisfaction data for a variety of western European countries, and shows that accounting for individual heterogeneity is vital for understanding gender differences.� In particular, working mothers have leisure levels that are much lower than those of working fathers and singles.� Working mothers are also most likely to report the least satisfaction with free time.� Finding that time stress and leisure time are positively correlated within socio-demographic groups suggests that the second shift argument is still valid, and that feelings of time stress are indeed associated with the lack of leisure time.
|Date of creation:||01 Apr 2010|
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