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Medicaid Expansion and the Unemployed

Author

Listed:
  • Thomas C. Buchmueller
  • Helen G. Levy
  • Robert G. Valletta

Abstract

We examine how a key provision of the Affordable Care Act--the expansion of Medicaid eligibility--affected health insurance coverage, access to care, and labor market transitions of unemployed workers. Comparing trends in states that implemented the Medicaid expansion to those that did not, we find that the ACA Medicaid expansion substantially increased insurance coverage and improved access to health care among unemployed workers. We then test whether this strengthening of the safety net affected transitions from unemployment to employment or out of the labor force. We find no meaningful statistical evidence in support of moral hazard effects that reduce job finding or labor force attachment.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas C. Buchmueller & Helen G. Levy & Robert G. Valletta, 2019. "Medicaid Expansion and the Unemployed," NBER Working Papers 26553, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26553
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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