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The Effect of Public Insurance Coverage for Childless Adults on Labor Supply

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Listed:
  • Dague, Laura

    () (Texas A&M University)

  • DeLeire, Thomas

    () (Georgetown University)

  • Leininger, Lindsey

    () (University of Illinois at Chicago)

Abstract

This study provides plausibly causal estimates of the effect of public insurance coverage on the employment of non-elderly, non-disabled adults without dependent children ("childless adults"). We use regression discontinuity and propensity score matching difference-in-differences methods to take advantage of the sudden imposition of an enrollment cap, comparing the labor supply of enrollees to eligible applicants on a waitlist. We find enrollment into public insurance leads to sizable and statistically meaningful reductions in employment up to at least 9 quarters later, with an estimated size of from 2 to 10 percentage points depending upon the model used.

Suggested Citation

  • Dague, Laura & DeLeire, Thomas & Leininger, Lindsey, 2014. "The Effect of Public Insurance Coverage for Childless Adults on Labor Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 8187, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8187
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pauline Leung & Alexandre Mas, 2016. "Employment Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansions," NBER Working Papers 22540, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Julie Shi, 2016. "Income Responses to Health Insurance Subsidies: Evidence from Massachusetts," American Journal of Health Economics, MIT Press, vol. 2(1), pages 96-124, January.
    3. Dillender, Marcus, 2015. "The effect of health insurance on workers’ compensation filing: Evidence from the affordable care act's age-based threshold for dependent coverage," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 204-228.
    4. Robert Kaestner & Bowen Garrett & Jiajia Chen & Anuj Gangopadhyaya & Caitlyn Fleming, 2017. "Effects of ACA Medicaid Expansions on Health Insurance Coverage and Labor Supply," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(3), pages 608-642, June.
    5. Yu-Chin Hsu & Chung-Ming Kuan & Giorgio Teng-Yu Lo, 2017. "Quantile Treatment Effects in Regression Discontinuity Designs with Covariates," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 17-A009, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    6. Katharine G. Abraham & Melissa S. Kearney, 2018. "Explaining the Decline in the U.S. Employment-to-Population Ratio: A Review of the Evidence," NBER Working Papers 24333, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Jody Schimmel Hyde & Priyanka Anand & Maggie Colby & Lauren Hula & Paul O'Leary, "undated". "The Impact of Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansions on Applications to Federal Disability Programs," Mathematica Policy Research Reports dffdcdfba16f4084890300ac0, Mathematica Policy Research.
    8. Mark Duggan & Gopi Shah Goda & Emilie Jackson, 2017. "The Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage and Labor Market Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 23607, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. repec:eee:pubeco:v:149:y:2017:i:c:p:20-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Melanie Guldi & Lucie Schmidt, 2017. "Taxes, Transfers, and Women’s Labor Supply in the United States," Working Papers 2017-01, University of Central Florida, Department of Economics.
    11. Helen Levy & Thomas Buchmueller & Sayeh Nikpay, 2015. "The Effect of Health Reform on Retirement," Working Papers wp329, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    12. Thomas Buchmueller & John C. Ham & Lara D. Shore-Sheppard, 2015. "The Medicaid Program," NBER Chapters,in: Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume 1, pages 21-136 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Le, Nga T.Q. & Groot, Wim & Tomini, Sonila & Tomini, Florian, 2017. "Effects of health insurance on labour supply: Evidence from the health care fund for the poor in Viet Nam," MERIT Working Papers 050, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    14. repec:mrr:papers:wp341 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Michael Levere & Sean Orzol & Lindsey Leininger & Nancy Early, "undated". "Contemporaneous and Long-Term Effects of Children's Public Health Insurance Expansions on Supplemental Security Income Participation," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 92d140d1a39741c481c4630bb, Mathematica Policy Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    health insurance; labor supply;

    JEL classification:

    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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