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Stress Tests and Small Business Lending

Author

Listed:
  • Kristle Cortés
  • Yuliya Demyanyk
  • Lei Li
  • Elena Loutskina
  • Philip E. Strahan

Abstract

Post-crisis stress tests have altered banks’ credit supply to small business. Banks affected by stress tests reduce credit supply and raise interest rates on small business loans. Banks price the implied increase in capital requirements from stress tests where they have local knowledge, and exit markets where they do not, as quantities fall most in markets where stress-tested banks do not own branches near borrowers, and prices rise mainly where they do. These reductions in supply are concentrated among risky borrowers. Stress tests do not, however, reduce aggregate credit. Small banks increase their share in geographies formerly reliant on stress-tested lenders.

Suggested Citation

  • Kristle Cortés & Yuliya Demyanyk & Lei Li & Elena Loutskina & Philip E. Strahan, 2018. "Stress Tests and Small Business Lending," NBER Working Papers 24365, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24365
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kok, Christoffer & Müller, Carola & Ongena, Steven & Pancaro, Cosimo, 2021. "The disciplining effect of supervisory scrutiny in the EU-wide stress test," Working Paper Series 2551, European Central Bank.
    2. Cicala, Steve, 2021. "The incidence of extreme economic stress: Evidence from utility disconnections," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 200(C).
    3. Chavaz, Matthieu & Elliott, David, 2020. "Separating retail and investment banking: evidence from the UK," Bank of England working papers 892, Bank of England, revised 18 Feb 2021.
    4. Niepmann, Friederike & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2018. "Modeling Your Stress Away," CEPR Discussion Papers 12624, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Friederike Niepmann & Tim Schmidt‐Eisenlohr & Emily Liu, 2021. "The effect of US stress tests on monetary policy spillovers to emerging markets," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 165-194, February.
    6. Bindal, Shradha & Bouwman, Christa H.S. & Hu, Shuting (Sophia) & Johnson, Shane A., 2020. "Bank regulatory size thresholds, merger and acquisition behavior, and small business lending," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    7. Luu, Hiep Ngoc & Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2021. "The Impact of Supervisory Stress Tests on Bank Ex-Ante Risk-Taking Behaviour: Empirical Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 75(C).
    8. Pliszka, Kamil, 2021. "System-wide and banks' internal stress tests: Regulatory requirements and literature review," Discussion Papers 19/2021, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    9. Sergey Chernenko & Isil Erel & Robert Prilmeier, 2019. "Why Do Firms Borrow Directly from Nonbanks?," NBER Working Papers 26458, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Nguyen, Thach Vu Hong & Ahmed, Shamim & Chevapatrakul, Thanaset & Onali, Enrico, 2020. "Do stress tests affect bank liquidity creation?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    11. Til Schuermann, 2020. "Capital Adequacy Pre‐ and Postcrisis and the Role of Stress Testing," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 87-105, October.
    12. Allen N. Berger & Christa H. S. Bouwman & Lars Norden & Raluca A. Roman & Gregory F. Udell & Teng Wang, 2021. "Piercing Through Opacity: Relationships and Credit Card Lending to Consumers and Small Businesses During Normal Times and the COVID-19 Crisis," Working Papers 21-19, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    13. Bertsch, Christoph & Hull, Isaiah & Qi, Yingjie & Zhang, Xin, 2020. "Bank misconduct and online lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).

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    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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