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The Effect of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs on Opioid Utilization in Medicare

Listed author(s):
  • Thomas C. Buchmueller
  • Colleen Carey

The misuse of prescription opioids has become a serious epidemic in the US. In response, states have implemented Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs), which record a patient's opioid prescribing history. While few providers participated in early systems, states have recently begun to require providers to access the PDMP under certain circumstances. We find that "must access" PDMPs significantly reduce measures of misuse in Medicare Part D. In contrast, we find that PDMPs without such provisions have no effect. We find stronger effects when providers are required to access the PDMP under broad circumstances, not only when they are suspicious.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w23148.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 23148.

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Date of creation: Feb 2017
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:23148
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  1. Marianne Bertrand & Esther Duflo & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2004. "How Much Should We Trust Differences-In-Differences Estimates?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 119(1), pages 249-275.
  2. Brewer, Mike & Crossley, Thomas F. & Joyce, Robert, 2013. "Inference with Difference-in-Differences Revisited," IZA Discussion Papers 7742, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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