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Capital Reallocation and Aggregate Productivity

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  • Russell W. Cooper
  • Immo Schott

Abstract

This paper studies the productivity implications of the cyclical reallocation of capital. Frictions in the reallocation process are a source of factor misallocation. Cyclical movements in these frictions lead to variations in the degree of reallocation and thus in productivity. These frictions also impact the capital accumulation decision. The effects are quantitatively important in the presence of fluctuations in adjustment frictions and/or the cross sectional variation of profitability shocks. The cyclicality of the output loss due to costly reallocation depends on the joint distribution of capital and plant-level productivity. Instead of relying on approximative solution techniques we show analytically that a higher-order moment is needed to solve the model accurately. Even without aggregate productivity shocks, the model has quantitative properties that resemble those of a standard stochastic growth model: (i) persistent shocks to the Solow residual, (ii) positive co-movement of output, investment and consumption and (iii) consumption smoothing.

Suggested Citation

  • Russell W. Cooper & Immo Schott, 2013. "Capital Reallocation and Aggregate Productivity," NBER Working Papers 19715, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19715
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Russell Cooper, 2017. "The Employment and Output Effects of Short-Time Work in Germany," 2017 Meeting Papers 613, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Jensen Christian, 2016. "On the macroeconomic effects of heterogeneous productivity shocks," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 1-23, January.
    3. Guerini, Mattia & Napoletano, Mauro & Roventini, Andrea, 2018. "No man is an Island: The impact of heterogeneity and local interactions on macroeconomic dynamics," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 82-95.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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