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The Hungarian Monetary Transmission Mechanism: an Assessment

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  • Balázs Vonnák

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)

Abstract

This paper attempts to aggregate and summarise fresh results concerning the monetary transmission mechanism in Hungary. Within a research project at the MNB nine studies have been published investigating the channels through which Hungarian monetary policy affects the economy. We create a framework for synthesising particular results based on Mishkin’s (1996) classification. We analyse how aggregate demand is affected through those channels. Our conclusion is that during the past ten years monetary policy did exert a measurable influence on real activity and prices. The dominance of the exchange rate channel explains why prices respond faster and output responds more mildly than in closed developed economies like the U.S. or the euro area. We expect that after adopting the euro the absence of exchange rate will be compensated by the fact that the interest rate channel will work through foreign demand as well. Therefore, no significant asymmetries can be expected inside the euro area in terms of monetary transmission.

Suggested Citation

  • Balázs Vonnák, 2007. "The Hungarian Monetary Transmission Mechanism: an Assessment," MNB Working Papers 2007/3, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2007/3
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    2. McCallum, Bennett T & Nelson, Edward, 2000. "Monetary Policy for an Open Economy: An Alternative Framework with Optimizing Agents and Sticky Prices," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(4), pages 74-91, Winter.
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    8. Zoltán M. Jakab & Mihály András Kovács, 2003. "Explaining the Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Hungary: Simulations with the NIGEM Model," MNB Working Papers 2003/5, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    9. Gábor Orbán & Zoltán Szalai, 2005. "The expected effect of the euro on the Hungarian monetary transmission," MNB Background Studies (discontinued) 2005/4, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
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    26. András Rezessy, 2005. "Estimating the immediate impact of monetary policy shocks on the exchange rate and other asset prices in Hungary," MNB Occasional Papers 2005/38, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pirovano, Mara, 2012. "Monetary policy and stock prices in small open economies: Empirical evidence for the new EU member states," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 372-390.
    2. Ábel, István & Kóbor, Ádám, 2010. "A monetáris restrikció hatása strukturális VAR keretben
      [The effect of monetary restriction in a vector auto-regression framework]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 412-430.
    3. Baxa, Jaromír & Plašil, Miroslav & Vašíček, Bořek, 2015. "Changes in inflation dynamics under inflation targeting? Evidence from Central European countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 116-130.
    4. Regős, Gábor, 2013. "Kockázattal kiegészített Taylor-szabályok becslése Magyarországra
      [Estimation of risk-augmented Taylor rules for Hungary]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 670-702.
    5. repec:pid:journl:v:55:y:2016:i:3:p:161-190 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Sági, Judit, 2012. "Debt trap - monetary indicators of Hungary's indebtedness," MPRA Paper 40343, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary transmission mechanism; monetary policy shock; exchange rate channel.;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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