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A magyarországi monetáris transzmissziós mechanizmus fő jellemzői
[The main features of Hungarys monetary transmission mechanism]

  • Vonnák, Balázs

Tanulmányunkban megkíséreljük összefoglalni a magyarországi monetáris transzmissziós mechanizmusra vonatkozó legfrissebb empirikus eredményeket. Egy, az MNB-ben nemrég befejezett kutatási program keretein belül kilenc dolgozat látott napvilágot. A tanulmányok azokat a csatornákat vizsgálják, amelyeken keresztül a magyar monetáris politika hatást gyakorol a gazdaságra. Mishkin [1996] klasszifikációja alapján keretrendszert alkottunk az egyes eredmények összegzésére. Arra a következtetésre jutottunk, hogy az utóbbi tíz évben a monetáris politika - elsősorban az árfolyamon keresztül - kimutatható hatással volt a reálgazdaságra és az árakra. Az árfolyamcsatorna dominanciája magyarázatot ad arra, hogy az árak miért reagálnak gyorsabban, a kibocsátás pedig mérsékeltebben az olyan zárt, fejlett gazdaságokhoz képest, mint az Egyesült Államok vagy az euróövezet. Az euró hazai bevezetését követően az árfolyamcsatorna hiányát várhatóan ellensúlyozza az a tény, hogy a kamatcsatorna a külső keresleten keresztül is működik, ezért az euróövezeten belül nem számítunk a magyar gazdaság aszimmetrikus viselkedésére. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: E44, E52, E58.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LIII (2006)
Issue (Month): 12 ()
Pages: 1155-1177

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:888
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Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Mark P. Taylor & Ronald MacDonald, 1991. "Exchange Rate Economics: A Survey," IMF Working Papers 91/62, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Taylor, John B., 2000. "Low inflation, pass-through, and the pricing power of firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(7), pages 1389-1408, June.
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  4. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Working Papers 95-15, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  5. Mankiw, N. Gregory & Reis, Ricardo, 2002. "Sticky Information Versus Sticky Prices: A Proposal to Replace the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Scholarly Articles 3415324, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  6. Uhlig, Harald, 1999. "What are the Effects of Monetary Policy on Output? Results from an Agnostic Identification Procedure," CEPR Discussion Papers 2137, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Peter van Els & Alberto Locarno & Julian Morgan & Jean-Pierre Villetelle, 2001. "Monetary policy transmission in the euro area: what do aggregate and national structural models tell us?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 433, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  8. Tobin, James, 1969. "A General Equilibrium Approach to Monetary Theory," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 1(1), pages 15-29, February.
  9. Kim, Soyoung, 2001. "Effects of monetary policy shocks on the trade balance in small open European countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 197-203, May.
  10. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-76, December.
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