IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Interest rate pass-through in Hungary


  • Csilla Horváth

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)

  • Judit Krekó

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)

  • Anna Naszódi

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)


This paper studies the pass-through from the short-term money market rate to various forint denominated bank rates in Hungary between 1997-2004. The analysis is based on linear and non-linear error correction models (ECMs), using both aggregated and bank level data. According to the linear ECM results, corporate loan rates adjust to the market rate completely and reasonably fast, whereas the adjustment of the deposit rates and household loan rates is characterised by incompleteness and/or sluggishness. We analysed the potential non-linearities of banks’ pricing by TAR (threshold autoregressive) models. The results suggest that the speed of adjustment of bank rates depends on the size of the changes in the money market rate and the distance of the bank rates from their long-term equilibrium. We found the adjustment to be significantly faster for changes above a threshold level than for smaller ones. This phenomenon can be explained by the presence of menu-costs. The sign of yield shocks also turned out to be influential to the speed of adjustment. In line with international experience, we found that corporate loan rates are characterised by downward rigidity, in accordance with the profit maximisation behaviour of banks. Surprisingly, the sharp competition in the corporate loan segment could not fully counterbalance the downward rigidity. We also found that household deposit rates adjust more rapidly to upward than to downward shifts of the market rate. This seemingly counterintuitive finding can be explained by the fact that the average size of positive shocks exceeded the average size of negative ones in the sample period. We also analysed how the volatility of money market rate affects the pass-through. At least one of the parameters determining the speed of adjustment changed towards faster adjustment when the volatility of the market rate exceeded a certain level. Intuitively, higher volatility should be accompanied by higher uncertainty and hence more sluggish adjustment; however, high volatility can be the consequence of huge rate shocks, which are not negligible by the banks. The size-effect and the effect of uncertainty are hardly separable. We think that in the volatile periods, especially in 2003, the effect of uncertainty was dominated by the size-effect. However, the faster pass-through could not offset the effect of higher money market rate shocks completely, which resulted in higher volatility of the spread between bank rates and money market rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Csilla Horváth & Judit Krekó & Anna Naszódi, 2004. "Interest rate pass-through in Hungary," MNB Working Papers 2004/8, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2004/8

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Petrevski, Goran & Bogoev, Jane, 2012. "Interest rate pass-through in South East Europe: An empirical analysis," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 571-593.
    2. Iva Cecchin, 2011. "Mortgage Rate Pass-Through in Switzerland," Working Papers 2011-08, Swiss National Bank.
    3. Balazs Vonnak, 2008. "The Hungarian monetary transmission mechanism: an assessment," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Transmission mechanisms for monetary policy in emerging market economies, volume 35, pages 235-257 Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Kuan-Min Wang, 2010. "Expected and Unexpected Impulses of Monetary Policy on the Interest Pass-Through Mechanism in Asian Countries," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 11(1), pages 95-137, May.
    5. S. Burcu Avci & Eray Yucel, 2017. "Effectiveness of monetary policy: evidence from Turkey," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 7(2), pages 179-213, August.

    More about this item


    interest rate pass-through; monetary transmission; ECM; TAR model.;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2004/8. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lorant Kaszab). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.