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Evolution of Private Returns to Tertiary Education during Transition: Evidence from Slovenia

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  • Tjaša Bartolj
  • Aleš Ahcan
  • Aljoša Feldinb
  • Sašo Polanec

Abstract

This paper analyzes the evolution of private returns to tertiary education during the period of transition from a socialist to a market economy using the personal income tax data of all Slovenian workers employed between 1994 and 2008. We document a rich interplay between supply and demand in the labor markets of high school and university graduates. We show that, in spite of signi cant increases in the labor supply, the demand for university graduates dominated and increased the rates of return in the early period of transition (1994-2001), while in the later period (2001-2008) the opposite was the case. We also provide evidence on considerable heterogeneity in the rates of return between genders, levels, and elds of study, with particularly large (low) returns to the elds that were suppressed (favored) during socialism. These initial di erences in returns have, however, gradually declined.

Suggested Citation

  • Tjaša Bartolj & Aleš Ahcan & Aljoša Feldinb & Sašo Polanec, 2012. "Evolution of Private Returns to Tertiary Education during Transition: Evidence from Slovenia," LICOS Discussion Papers 31412, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  • Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:31412
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    Cited by:

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    2. Jelena Žarković Rakić & Gorana Krstić & Nermin Oruč & Will Bartlett, 2019. "Income Inequality In Transition Economies: A Comparative Analysis Of Croatia, Serbia And Slovenia," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Belgrade, vol. 64(223), pages 39-60, October –.
    3. Leszek Wincenciak, 2019. "Evolution of private returns to schooling over the business cycle in a transition economy," Working Papers 2019-19, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    4. Bartolj, Tjaša & Polanec, Sašo, 2012. "College major choice and ability: Why is general ability not enough?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 996-1016.
    5. Darjan Petek & Timotej Jagric, 2017. "Wage Inequalities: A Result of Different Levels and Fields of Tertiary Education?," Management, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 12(1), pages 59-73.
    6. Lehouelleur, Sophie & Beblav�, Miroslav & Maselli,Ilaria, 2015. "How returns from tertiary education differ by field of study: Implications for policy-makers and students," CEPS Papers 10835, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    7. Józef Dziechciarz, 2015. "Measurement of Rate of Return in Education. Research Directions," Proceedings of FIKUSZ 2015, in: Jolán Velencei (ed.),Proceedings of FIKUSZ '15, pages 39-56, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Returns to Education; Tertiary Education; Fields of Study; Mincerian Regressions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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