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Identity and Redistribution: Theory and Evidence

Author

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  • Sanjit Dhami
  • Emma Manifold
  • Ali al-Nowaihi

Abstract

We contribute to a growing literature on redistribution and identity. We propose a theoretical model that embeds social identity concerns, as in Akerlof and Kranton (2000), with inequity averse preferences, as in Fehr and Schmidt (1999). We conduct an artefactual ultimatum game experiment with registered members of British political parties for whom both identity and redistribution are salient. The empirical results are as follows. (1) Proposers and responders demonstrate ingroup-favoritism. (2) Proposers exhibit quantitatively stronger social identity effects relative to responders. (3) As redistributive taxes increase, offers by proposers and the minimum acceptable offers of responders (both as a proportion of income) decline by almost the same amount, suggesting a shared understanding that is characteristic of social norms. (4) Subjects experience more disadvantageous inequity from outgroup members relative to ingroup members.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanjit Dhami & Emma Manifold & Ali al-Nowaihi, 2019. "Identity and Redistribution: Theory and Evidence," Discussion Papers in Economics 19/04, Division of Economics, School of Business, University of Leicester.
  • Handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:19/04
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    2. Beinhocker, Eric & Dhami, Sanjit, 2019. "The Behavioral Foundations of New Economic Thinking," INET Oxford Working Papers 2019-13, Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social identity; prosocial behaviour; ultimatum game; fiscal redistribution; entitlements;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles

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