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The Short- and Long-Term Effects of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from a School Choice Reform in Sweden

Author

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  • Wondratschek, Verena

    () (ZEW Mannheim)

  • Edmark, Karin

    () (IFN - Research Institute of Industrial Economics)

  • Frölich, Markus

    () (University of Mannheim)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the effects of a major Swedish school choice reform. The reform in 1992 increased school choice and competition among public schools as well as through a large-scale introduction of private schools. We estimate the effects of school choice and competition, using precise geographical information on the locations of school buildings and children's homes for the entire Swedish population for several cohorts affected at different stages in their educational career. We can measure the long-term effects up to age 25. We find that increased school choice had very small, but positive, effects on marks at the end of compulsory schooling, but virtually zero effects on longer term outcomes such as university education, employment, criminal activity and health.

Suggested Citation

  • Wondratschek, Verena & Edmark, Karin & Frölich, Markus, 2014. "The Short- and Long-Term Effects of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from a School Choice Reform in Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 7898, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7898
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    Cited by:

    1. Dennis Epple & Richard E. Romano & Miguel Urquiola, 2017. "School Vouchers: A Survey of the Economics Literature," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 55(2), pages 441-492, June.
    2. Edmark, Karin & Frölich, Markus & Wondratschek, Verena, 2014. "Sweden's school choice reform and equality of opportunity," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 129-142.
    3. Taghizadeh, Jonas Larsson, 2020. "Effects of school closures on displaced students and future cohorts," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    4. Garrouste, Manon & Zaiem, Meryam, 2020. "School supply constraints in track choices: A French study using high school openings," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
    5. Christophe André & Jon Pareliussen & Hyunjeong Hwang, 2020. "Swedish School Results, Student Background, Competition and Efficiency," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 8-36.
    6. Sebhatu, Abiel & Wennberg, Karl & Lakomaa, Erik & Brandén, Maria, 2020. "Work Environment and Competition in Swedish Schools, 1999-2011," Ratio Working Papers 330, The Ratio Institute.
    7. Андре К. & Парелиуссен Й. & Хван Х., 2020. "Шведские Школы: Результаты Работы, Социальное Происхождение Учащихся, Конкуренция И Эффективность (Пер. С Англ.)," Вопросы образования // Educational Studies, НИУ ВШЭ, issue 3, pages 8-36.
    8. Anders Böhlmark & Helena Holmlund & Mikael Lindahl, 2016. "Parental choice, neighbourhood segregation or cream skimming? An analysis of school segregation after a generalized choice reform," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 29(4), pages 1155-1190, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    cognitive and non-cognitive skills; school choice; school competition; treatment evaluation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models

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