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The Short- and Long-term Effects of School Choice on Student Outcomes – Evidence from a School Choice Reform in Sweden

  • Wondratschek, Verena

    (Centre for European Economic Research)

  • Edmark, Karin


    (Uppsala Center for Labor Studies)

  • Frölich, Markus

    (University of Mannheim)

This paper evaluates the effects of a major Swedish school choice reform. The reform in 1992 increased school choice and competition among public schools as well as through a large-scale introduction of private schools. We estimate the effects of school choice and competition, using precise geographical information on the locations of school buildings and children’s homes for the entire Swedish population for several cohorts affected at different stages in their educational career. We can measure the long-term effects up to age 25. We find that increased school choice had very small, but positive, effects on marks at the end of compulsory schooling, but virtually zero effects on longer term outcomes such as university education, employment, criminal activity and health.

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Paper provided by Uppsala University, Department of Economics in its series Working Paper Series, Center for Labor Studies with number 2013:11.

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Length: 98 pages
Date of creation: 10 Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:uulswp:2013_011
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P. O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

Phone: + 46 18 471 25 00
Fax: + 46 18 471 14 78
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  18. Victor Lavy & Analía Schlosser, 2007. "Mechanisms and Impacts of Gender Peer Effects at School," NBER Working Papers 13292, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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