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Violent Conflict and the Child Quantity-Quality Tradeoff

Author

Listed:
  • Nepal, Apsara Karki

    (International Center for Integrated Mountain Development)

  • Halla, Martin

    () (University of Linz)

  • Stillman, Steven

    () (Free University of Bozen/Bolzano)

Abstract

We show that the exposure to war-related violence increases the quantity of children temporarily, with permanent negative consequences for the quality of the current and previous cohort of children. Our empirical evidence is based on Nepal, which experienced a ten year long civil conflict of varying intensity. Our difference-in-differences analysis shows that women in villages affected by civil conflict increased their actual and desired fertility during the conflict by 22 percent, while child height-for-age declined by 11 to 13 percent. Supporting evidence suggests that the temporary fertility increase was the main pathway leading to reduced child height, as opposed to direct impacts of the conflict. This likely occurred because there were more mouths to feed in these households.

Suggested Citation

  • Nepal, Apsara Karki & Halla, Martin & Stillman, Steven, 2018. "Violent Conflict and the Child Quantity-Quality Tradeoff," IZA Discussion Papers 11690, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11690
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    conflict; violence; quantity-quality model of fertility; height-for-age; Nepal;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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