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The Cross-Section of Country News, Decoupling Expectations, and Global Business Cycles

Author

Listed:
  • Mathias Hoffmann

    (University of Zurich, CESifo, and Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

  • Wei Liao

    (Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

Abstract

We define decoupling as an increase in the cross-country heterogeneity in long-term growth expectations. We identify growth expectations from a cointegrating relation between a country's output level and its stock market valuation. Fluctuations in this output-price or yp-ratio reflect changes in perceptions about future real activity (output growth) or changes in the expectation of long-term stock market returns or both. Shocks to the cross-country dispersion of yp-ratios therefore provide information on the heterogeneity of the international cross-section of country-specific news about future real (output growth) and financial (return) opportunities. We show that shocks to the international cross-section of news have particularly high trend growth effects in Emerging Asia including China, particularly in the period since the Asian financial crisis. A factor analysis of the cross-section of stock market and output growth expectations reveals an increasing role for regional factors in both financial markets and for output growth. Whereas the role of regional factors in output growth has increased at the expense of global factors -- a possible instance of decoupling -- financial factors have become more regional at the expense of purely country-specific influences.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathias Hoffmann & Wei Liao, 2011. "The Cross-Section of Country News, Decoupling Expectations, and Global Business Cycles," Working Papers 342011, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:342011
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Business Cycles; Country-level Growth Expectations; Return Predictability; News Shocks; Decoupling; Emerging Markets; Global Imbalances;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General

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