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The Renminbi Central Parity: An Empirical Investigation

Author

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  • Yin-Wong Cheung

    (City University of Hong Kong)

  • Cho-Hoi Hui

    (Hong Kong Monetary Authority)

  • Andrew Tsang

    (Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

Abstract

On August 11 2015, China revamped its procedure of setting the official central parity of the renminbi (RMB) against the US dollar. Our empirical investigation shows that the intertemporal dynamics of China¡¯s central parity are not the same before and after this policy change. They are more variable and have a few new determining factors. Both the deviation of the RMB offshore rate from the central parity and the US dollar index are the two significant determinants of the central parity both before and after the policy change. The VIX index has explanatory power before August 2015, but not after. After August 2015, the onshore RMB rate and the difference between the one-month offshore and onshore RMB forward points show a significant impact on the central parity. While the US dollar index effect remains, we find no evidence of a role for the RMB exchange rate against the currency basket revealed by China in December 2015 in the fixing process.

Suggested Citation

  • Yin-Wong Cheung & Cho-Hoi Hui & Andrew Tsang, 2016. "The Renminbi Central Parity: An Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 102016, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:102016
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yin-Wong Cheung & Cho-Hoi Hui & Andrew Tsang, 2017. "The RMB Central Parity Formation Mechanism after August 2015: A Statistical Analysis," Working Papers 062017, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    2. Daniela Marconi, 2016. "Currency co-movements in Asia-Pacific: the regional role of the renminbi," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 341, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Funke, Michael & Loermann, Julius & Tsang, Andrew, 2017. "The information content in the offshore Renminbi foreign-exchange option market : Analytics and implied USD/CNH densities," BOFIT Discussion Papers 15/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    4. Kunze, Frederik, 2017. "Predicting exchange rates in Asia: New insights on the accuracy of survey forecasts," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 326, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; RMB; exchange rate policy; central parity rate; on-shore and off-shore rates;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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