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Gender Attitudes In The World Of Work: Cross-Cultural Comparison


  • Natalia Soboleva

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics)


This paper deals with factors determining work-related gender attitudes. With the spread of emancipative values the difference between gender roles is becoming more vague but is still strongly dependent upon country characteristics. While gender attitudes are usually regarded as factors impacting socio-economic behavior, my research underlines a less explored aspect: they are themselves formed and changed in the process of economic interactions. The objective is to assess the role of job characteristics among factors determining gender attitudes in different types of countries. More specifically, we focus on the interaction effect between education and employment characteristics on a micro- and macro-level. Female labor force participation rate and ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment are used as the indicators of female involvement in labor market activities. The 5th wave of World Values Survey (2005-2008) serves as the empirical base. The targeted group of the population is the employed. Multilevel regression modeling is used. According to the results, work-related gender attitudes vary considerably by country. The higher occupational status as well as more intellectual, creative and independent jobs lead to more egalitarian gender attitudes. Self-employed and part-time workers have more traditional gender attitudes. On the country-level, the higher the ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is, the more egalitarian work-related gender attitudes in the country. Contrary to the initial hypothesis, labor force participation rate itself does not have a significant impact. In countries with more involvement of women in education and labor market activities, education and job characteristics impact gender attitudes to a lesser extent. Furthermore, there is less difference in female and male gender attitudes in such countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Soboleva, 2014. "Gender Attitudes In The World Of Work: Cross-Cultural Comparison," HSE Working papers WP BRP 46/SOC/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:46/soc/2014

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Francois, Patrick & van Ours, Jan C., 2000. "Gender Wage Differentials in a Competitive Labor Market: The Household Interaction Effect," IZA Discussion Papers 202, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Alberto Alesina & Paola Giuliano, 2010. "The power of the family," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 93-125, June.
    3. Pamela Campa & Alessandra Casarico & Paola Profeta, 2011. "Gender Culture and Gender Gap in Employment," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 57(1), pages 156-182, March.
    4. Nicole M Fortin, 2005. "Gender Role Attitudes and the Labour-market Outcomes of Women across OECD Countries," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 416-438, Autumn.
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    More about this item


    gender attitudes; education; job characteristics; labor market; cross-cultural comparison;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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