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Social activity and collective action for agricultural innovation: a case study of New Rural Reconstruction in China

Author

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  • Mary-Françoise Renard

    () (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Huanxiu Guo

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Since 2003, a grass-roots movement of New Rural Reconstruction (NRR) has emerged in China to experience alternative model of rural development. The movement adopts a particular approach for rural development on basis of rural social and cultural reconstruction. In order to understand this social approach, we investigate an original NRR experiment in a poor village of south China, where organic farming is promoted by means of basketball game. An in-depth household survey is conducted to qualitatively analyze this social approach and derive intuitive hypothesis of extended social network for empirical test. With a panel structure dataset collected by the survey, we quantitatively identify the causal effect of social network by exploiting the endogeneity of social network formation. Our identification result provides micro evidence for a large social multiplier effect in the diffusion of organic farming, whereas it is negative for organic experts. Also, our results highlight the role of women, education and labor force for the development of organic farming. On basis of these results, we conclude that organic farming is suitable but challenging for small villages in China, while social activity is a good lever to achieve farmers' collective action for its large diffusion.

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  • Mary-Françoise Renard & Huanxiu Guo, 2013. "Social activity and collective action for agricultural innovation: a case study of New Rural Reconstruction in China," Working Papers halshs-00802119, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00802119
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00802119v2
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    Cited by:

    1. MARCHAND, Sébastien & GUO, Huanxiu, 2014. "The environmental efficiency of non-certified organic farming in China: A case study of paddy rice production," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 201-216.
    2. Kamau Joram Ngugi, 2018. "Social Networks Stimuli - A Double Dekker Semi-Partialling Multiple Regression Quadratic Assigment Procedure (Mrqap) Approach - Case of Small-Scale Farmers in Kenya," Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Biomedical Research Network+, LLC, vol. 11(4), pages 8716-8719, December.
    3. Huanxiu Guo & Sébastien Marchand, 2013. "Is participatory social learning a performance driver for Chinese smallholder farmers?," Working Papers halshs-00878886, HAL.
    4. Alcock, Rowan, 2019. "The New Rural Reconstruction Movement: A Chinese degrowth style movement?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 161(C), pages 261-269.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    New rural reconstruction; Social network; Organic farming; China. D71; O33; Q55;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation

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