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La question du vote. Expérimentations en laboratoire et In Situ

Author

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  • Antoinette Baujard

    (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - UJM - Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Étienne - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Herrade Igersheim

    (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jean-François Laslier

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cet article est une revue de la littérature sur les expérimentations de vote qui étudient les comportements des votants et les propriétés des modes de scrutin. Tout d'abord, nous décrivons les expérimentations menées en laboratoire autour de trois aspects principaux : résultats agrégés selon le mode de scrutin, vote stratégique, paradoxe du vote. Nous abordons ensuite les expérimentations In Situ, typiques de l'étude expérimentale du vote, consistant à tester en marge d'élections officielles d'envergure des méthodes de vote alternatives. Nous étudions le protocole expérimental, deux enseignements généraux –l'accueil et les réactions des électeurs– ainsi que deux enseignements spécifiques –la comparaison des résultats agrégés et la description de l'offre politique telle que perçue par les électeurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Antoinette Baujard & Herrade Igersheim & Jean-François Laslier, 2016. "La question du vote. Expérimentations en laboratoire et In Situ," Post-Print halshs-01136390, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01136390
    DOI: 10.7202/1039875ar
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://shs.hal.science/halshs-01136390v2
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    Keywords

    Vote;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • C9 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments

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