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Transmission des chocs et mécanismes d'ajustement dans le Mercosur

  • Jean-Pierre Allegret

    ()

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

  • Alain Sand-Zantman

    ()

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

Cet article étudie la faisabilité d'une union monétaire au sein du Mercosur dans la perspective théorique des zones monétaires optimales. L'étude s'appuie sur l'estimation d'un ensemble de modèles VAR semi-structurels incluant des variables réelles et financières internationales et domestiques pour chacune des trois principales économies de la zone. L'exercice conclut à la fragilité de ce processus d'intégration régionale. Les VARs soulignent tout d'abord la faible convergence des politiques économiques menées dans les trois pays étudiés ; les chocs nominaux - ici, les chocs de prix - conduisent en particulier à des ajustements sensiblement différents. La désagrégation de l'ensemble des chocs à l'aide d'un modèle à composantes inobservables confirme cette asymétrie des comportements en soulignant le faible poids des composantes communes, notamment pour les chocs de politique économique domestiques. Enfin, l'intégration de la variable EMBI montre que les pays de la zone réagissent également très différemment à un même choc financier externe, et ce essentiellement en raison de régimes de change différents.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00159553.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Publication status: Published, Revue de l'OFCE, 2007, avril, 101, 355-392
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00159553
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00159553/en/
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  1. Fabio Canova, 2005. "The transmission of US shocks to Latin America," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(2), pages 229-251.
  2. Edwards, Sebastian, 1984. "LDC Foreign Borrowing and Default Risk: An Empirical Investigation, 1976-80," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(4), pages 726-34, September.
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  4. Nick Chamie & Alain DeSerres & Rene Lalonde, 1994. "Optimum Currency Areas and Shock Asymmetry A Comparison of Europe and the United States," International Finance 9406001, EconWPA, revised 23 Jun 1994.
  5. Rand, John & Tarp, Finn, 2002. "Business Cycles in Developing Countries: Are They Different?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(12), pages 2071-2088, December.
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  8. Sebastian Edwards, 1983. "LDC's Foreign Borrowing and Default Risk: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 1172, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Faust, Jon & Leeper, Eric M, 1997. "When Do Long-Run Identifying Restrictions Give Reliable Results?," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(3), pages 345-53, July.
  10. Norman Loayza & J. Humberto Lopez & Angel J. Ubide, 1999. "Sectorial Macroeconomic Interdependencies; Evidence for Latin America, East Asia and Europe," IMF Working Papers 99/11, International Monetary Fund.
  11. Eduardo Levy & Federico Sturzenegger, 2000. "Is EMU a Blueprint for Mercosur?," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 37(110), pages 63-99.
  12. Martin Gonzalez-Rozada & Jose Maria Fanelli, 2004. "Business Cycles and Macroeconomic Policy Coordination in Mercosur," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 328, Econometric Society.
  13. Martin Uribe & Vivian Z. Yue, 2003. "Country Spreads and Emerging Countries: Who Drives Whom?," NBER Working Papers 10018, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  15. Lafrance, Robert & St-Amant, Pierre, 2000. "Les zones monétaires optimales," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 76(4), pages 577-612, décembre.
  16. Ahmed, Shaghil, 2003. "Sources of economic fluctuations in Latin America and implications for choice of exchange rate regimes," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 181-202, October.
  17. Reinhart, Carmen & Calvo, Guillermo & Leiderman, Leonardo, 1993. "“Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America: The Role of External Factors," MPRA Paper 7125, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  18. Favero, Carlo A., 2001. "Applied Macroeconometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198296850, March.
  19. Fernandez-Arias, Eduardo & DEC, 1994. "The new wave of private capital inflows : push or pull?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1312, The World Bank.
  20. Matthieu Lemoine & Florian Pelgrin, 2003. "Introduction aux modèles espace état et au filtre de Kalman," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/2129, Sciences Po.
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  22. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521321969 is not listed on IDEAS
  23. Bastourre, Diego & Carrera, Jorge & Féliz, Mariano & Panigo, Demian, 2003. "Dollarization and real volatility," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 0311, CEPREMAP.
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