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Transmission des chocs et mécanismes d'ajustement dans le Mercosur

Author

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  • Jean-Pierre Allegret

    () (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Alain Sand-Zantman

    () (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cet article étudie la faisabilité d'une union monétaire au sein du Mercosur dans la perspective théorique des zones monétaires optimales. L'étude s'appuie sur l'estimation d'un ensemble de modèles VAR semi-structurels incluant des variables réelles et financières internationales et domestiques pour chacune des trois principales économies de la zone. L'exercice conclut à la fragilité de ce processus d'intégration régionale. Les VARs soulignent tout d'abord la faible convergence des politiques économiques menées dans les trois pays étudiés ; les chocs nominaux - ici, les chocs de prix - conduisent en particulier à des ajustements sensiblement différents. La désagrégation de l'ensemble des chocs à l'aide d'un modèle à composantes inobservables confirme cette asymétrie des comportements en soulignant le faible poids des composantes communes, notamment pour les chocs de politique économique domestiques. Enfin, l'intégration de la variable EMBI montre que les pays de la zone réagissent également très différemment à un même choc financier externe, et ce essentiellement en raison de régimes de change différents.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pierre Allegret & Alain Sand-Zantman, 2007. "Transmission des chocs et mécanismes d'ajustement dans le Mercosur," Post-Print halshs-00159553, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00159553
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00159553
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Moumni & Benaissa Nahhal, 2014. "Impact of Liquidity Level on the Monetary Policy Transmission Effectiveness of the Moroccan Central Bank (Bank Al Maghrib)," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 4(4), pages 801-818.
    2. Allegret, Jean-Pierre & Sand-Zantman, Alain, 2010. "Processus d’intégration et coordination des politiques macroéconomiques dans le Mercosur : une approche en termes de cycles," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 86(2), pages 163-204, juin.
    3. Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Cyriac Guillaumin, 2010. "L'impact des chocs externes sur et dans la zone euro : un modèle VAR structurel," CEPN Working Papers hal-00493384, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transmission; chocs; mécanismes d'ajustement; Mercosur;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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