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Impact of Electric Vehicles as Distributed Energy Storage in Isolated Systems: The Case of Tenerife

Listed author(s):
  • Alfredo Ramírez-Díaz

    (Universidad de La Laguna - Centro de Productos Naturales Organicos)

  • Francisco Ramos-Real

    (Universidad de La Laguna - Centro de Productos Naturales Organicos)

  • Gustavo Marrero

    (Universidad de La Laguna - Centro de Productos Naturales Organicos)

  • Yannick Perez


    (UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11)

Isolated regions are highly dependent on fossil fuels. The use of endogenous sources and the improvement in energy efficiency in all of the consumption activities are the two main ways to reduce the dependence of petroleum-derived fuels. Tenerife offers an excellent renewable resource (hours of sun and wind). However, the massive development of these technologies could cause important operational problems within the electric power grids, because of the small size of the system. In this paper, we explore the option of coupling an electric vehicle fleet as a distributed energy storage system to increase the participation of renewables in an isolated power system, i.e., Tenerife Island. A model simulator has been used to evaluate five key outputs, that is the renewable share, the energy spilled, the CO 2 emissions, the levelized cost of generating electricity and fuel OPEN ACCESS Sustainability 2015, 7 2 dependence, under alternative scenarios. Comparing to the current situation, combining a gradual renewable installed capacity and the introduction of an electric vehicle fleet using alternative charging strategies, a total of 30 different scenarios have been evaluated. Results shows that the impact of 50,000 electric vehicles would increase the renewable share in the electricity mix of the island up to 30%, reduce CO 2 emissions by 27%, the total cost of electric generation by 6% and the oil internal market by 16%.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-01424460.

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Date of creation: 2015
Publication status: Published in Sustainability, MDPI, 2015, 7, <10.3390/su70x000x>
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01424460
DOI: 10.3390/su70x000x
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  1. Perez, Yannick & Ramos Real, Francisco Javier, 2008. "How to make a European integrated market in small and isolated electricity systems? The case of the Canary Islands," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 4159-4167, November.
  2. Marrero, Gustavo A. & Ramos-Real, Francisco Javier, 2010. "Electricity generation cost in isolated system: The complementarities of natural gas and renewables in the Canary Islands," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 2808-2818, December.
  3. Bueno, C. & Carta, J.A., 2006. "Wind powered pumped hydro storage systems, a means of increasing the penetration of renewable energy in the Canary Islands," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 312-340, August.
  4. Ramos-Real, Francisco Javier & Moreno-Piquero, Juan Carlos & Ramos-Henriquez, Jose Manuel, 2007. "The effects of introducing natural gas in the Canary Islands for electricity generation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 3925-3935, July.
  5. Rodrigues, E.M.G. & Godina, R. & Santos, S.F. & Bizuayehu, A.W. & Contreras, J. & Catalão, J.P.S., 2014. "Energy storage systems supporting increased penetration of renewables in islanded systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 265-280.
  6. Elahee, Mohammad Khalil, 2011. "Sustainable energy policy for small-island developing state: Mauritius," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 71-79, June.
  7. Weisser, Daniel, 2004. "Power sector reform in small island developing states: what role for renewable energy technologies?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 101-127, April.
  8. Gustavo A. Marrero & Yannick Perez & Marc Petit & Francisco Javier Ramos-Real, 2015. "Electric vehicle fleet contributions for isolated systems. The case of the Canary Islands," International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 15(2), pages 171-193.
  9. Camus, Cristina & Farias, Tiago, 2012. "The electric vehicles as a mean to reduce CO2 emissions and energy costs in isolated regions. The São Miguel (Azores) case study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 153-165.
  10. Rious, Vincent & Perez, Yannick, 2014. "Review of supporting scheme for island powersystem storage," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 754-765.
  11. Sándor Szabó & Ioannis Kougias & Magda Moner-Girona & Katalin Bódis, 2015. "Sustainable Energy Portfolios for Small Island States," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(9), pages 1-19, September.
  12. Guerrero-Lemus, Ricardo & González-Díaz, Benjamín & Ríos, Gerardo & Dib, Ramzi N., 2015. "Study of the new Spanish legislation applied to an insular system that has achieved grid parity on PV and wind energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 426-436.
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