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Qualité Des Institutions, Libéralisation Et Crises Bancaires Le Cas Des Pays Émergents

  • Saoussen Ben Gamra

    ()

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université de Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7115)

  • Dominique Plihon

    ()

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université de Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7115)

La récurrence récente des épisodes de crises bancaires dans les pays émergents a suscité une abondante littérature. Les analyses les plus répandues tendent à négliger le rôle des institutions dans l'explication des épisodes d'instabilité financière dans des régions comme l'Amérique Latine et l'Asie. Dans la dynamique des crises, des facteurs d'ordre institutionnel semblent interagir entre eux, ainsi qu'avec les politiques de libéralisation financière. Cet article, en utilisant la base de données du MINEFI, « Profils institutionnels », examine le rôle de la qualité des institutions dans les crises bancaires récentes. L'hypothèse de base est qu'une structure institutionnelle peu développée renforce les mécanismes incitatifs à la prise de risque excessif. Plus précisément, on analyse au moyen d'une modélisation Logit sur un échantillon de 51 pays en coupe transversale en 2001, l'impact de l'environnement réglementaire, public, juridique et politique. L'examen empirique permet de valider une relation économique non triviale entre qualité des institutions et dynamique de crises bancaires systémiques.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series CEPN Working Papers with number hal-00574136.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cepnwp:hal-00574136
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