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Liberalisation financiere, speculation et crises bancaires

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Miotti
  • Dominique Plihon

Abstract

Les crises bancaires sont une des manifestations les plus importantes de l'instabilite financiere contemporaine. En effet, les systemes bancaires des deux tiers des pays membres du FMI et de la plupart des pays emergents ont connu de graves dysfonctionnements au cours des deux dernieres decennies. D'importantes avancees (significatives) dans la comprehension de ces crises ont ete realisees grace a des travaux empiriques tres documentes, dont certains ont ete effectues par des economistes du FMI. Ces travaux montrent l'existence d'une relation entre les crises bancaires et financieres et les politiques de liberalisation financiere, souvent radicales, menees dans les pays emergents. Ils illustrent egalement le fait que les defaillances bancaires sont au centre des crises economiques et financieres recentes des pays emergents. La plupart de ces analyses, de nature principalement macroeconomique, mettent en avant deux series d'explications : d'une part, la liberalisation financiere rend les banques plus vulnerables aux chocs macroeconomiques et, d'autre part, la fragilite financiere de ces dernieres serait aggravee par l'insuffisance des dispositifs de supervision, particulierement patente dans les pays emergents.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Miotti & Dominique Plihon, 2001. "Liberalisation financiere, speculation et crises bancaires," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 85, pages 3-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2001-1ta
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/ei.asp?issue=85
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cibils, Alan & Allami, Cecilia, 2013. "Financialisation vs. Development Finance: the Case of the Post-Crisis Argentine Banking System," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 13.
    2. Andre Cartapanis, 2004. "Le declenchement des crises de change : qu'avons-nous appris depuis dix ans ?," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 97, pages 5-48.
    3. WAJIH KHALLOULI & MOHAMED Ayadi & RENE SANDRETTO, 2013. "Fondamentaux, Contagion Et Dynamique Des Anticipations :Une Evaluation A Partir De La Crise Financiere Coreenne," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 56(2), pages 175-189.
    4. Bouslimi Jihen, 2014. "Financial Mutations and Fragility of The Tunisian Banks," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(7), pages 956-968, July.
    5. Bensafta, Kamel Malik & Semedo, Gervasio, 2009. "De la transmission de la volatilité à la contagion entre marchés boursiers : l’éclairage d’un modèle VAR non linéaire avec bris structurels en variance," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 85(1), pages 13-76, mars.
    6. Bastidon, Cécile & Gilles, Philippe & Huchet, Nicolas, 2008. "The international lender of last resort and selective bail-out," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 144-152, June.
    7. Araújo, Eliane & Bruno, Miguel & Pimentel, Débora, 2012. "Financialization against Industrialization: a regulationnist approach of the Brazilian Paradox," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 11.
    8. Ramzi FARHANI & Ghrissi MHAMDI & Abdelkader AGUIR & Mounir SMIDA, 2015. "Effect of Financial Liberalization on the Probability of Occurrence of Banking Crises," Expert Journal of Economics, Sprint Investify, vol. 3(1), pages 14-21.
    9. Nacer Bernou & Marceline Grondin, 2001. "Réconciliation entre libéralisation financière et croissance économique dans un système fondé sur la banque," Post-Print halshs-00179981, HAL.
    10. Saoussen Ben Gamra & Mickaël Clévenot, 2006. "Libéralisation financière et crises bancaires dans les pays émergents," CEPN Working Papers hal-00188615, HAL.
    11. Saoussen Ben Gamra & Dominique Plihon, 2007. "Qualité Des Institutions, Libéralisation Et Crises Bancaires Le Cas Des Pays Émergents," CEPN Working Papers hal-00574136, HAL.
    12. Arias, Guillaume & Erlandsson, Ulf, 2004. "Regime switching as an alternative early warning system of currency crises - an application to South-East Asia," Working Papers 2004:11, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    13. Comlanvi Jude EGGOH, 2009. "Développement financier et croissance : Une synthèse des contributions pionnières," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 442, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
    14. repec:eco:journ1:2018-02-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Carton, Christine & Ronquillo, Cely, 2008. "Determinantes del crecimiento económico e intermediación bancaria: un análisis empírico para países latinoamericanos
      [Determinants of economic growth and bank intermediation: empirical analysis for
      ," MPRA Paper 15514, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Nov 2008.
    16. Taha Zaghdoudi, 2013. "Bank Failure Prediction with Logistic Regression," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(2), pages 537-543.
    17. repec:hal:journl:dumas-00879876 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Saoussen Ben Gamra & Dominique Plihon, 2007. "Politiques de liberalisation financiere et crises bancaires," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 112, pages 5-28.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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