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Politiques de liberalisation financiere et crises bancaires

  • Saoussen Ben Gamra
  • Dominique Plihon

A partir des annees soixante-dix, les pays emergents se sont engages dans des politiques de liberalisation financiere en vue de favoriser la croissance. Or ces politiques peuvent avoir des effets defavorables sur la stabilite des systemes bancaires. L’hypothese centrale de cet article est que leur impact sur la stabilite du systeme bancaire depend largement des modalites de la liberalisation. L’analyse porte sur un echantillon de vingt-deux pays emergents au cours de la periode 1970-2002. Apres une revue de la litterature, cet article presente une typologie des politiques de liberalisation mises en oeuvre par ces pays. Ensuite, en utilisant la methode logit, il analyse l’influence sur les crises bancaires des politiques de liberalisation, differenciees selon le degre de liberalisation, l’ordre de priorite et le rythme de mise en place des reformes.

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File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/francgraph/publications/ecointern/rev112/rev112a.htm
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Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 112 ()
Pages: 5-28

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2007-4ta
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