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Financial Development and Economic Growth: New Lessons from Small Open Economies

  • Morgan, Horatio M.
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    This paper develops a political economy framework to explain the underlying financial mechanisms through which redistributive policies may affect both the relative level of per capita income growth rates, and the relative stability of growth paths across countries. It proposes that socio-politically motivated redistributive policies characterized by financial exclusion may undermine financial intermediation. By extension, it argues that politically unconnected productive firms may face binding financial constraints in normal times, and both politically connected and unconnected firms may jointly face binding financial constraints in abnormal times. This may give rise to an output gap in normal times that diverges in abnormal times. It is shown that this theoretical framework can explain growth disparities between Jamaica and Barbados since the 1960s. In addition, it offers new lessons on the importance of effective long-run pro-poor-pro-growth strategies for developing countries with acute income inequality.

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/49842/1/MPRA_paper_49842.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49842.

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    Date of creation: 12 Sep 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49842
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    1. Beck, Thorsten & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad, 2005. "Reaching out : access to and use of banking services across countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3754, The World Bank.
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    4. Levine, Ross, 1998. "The Legal Environment, Banks, and Long-Run Economic Growth," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(3), pages 596-613, August.
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    7. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1997. "Legal Determinants of External Finance," NBER Working Papers 5879, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    17. Thorsten Beck & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, 2008. "Access to Finance: An Unfinished Agenda," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 22(3), pages 383-396, November.
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    19. Kamal Banskota & Stanley R. Johnson & Gary Stampley, 1987. "Income Distribution in Jamaica," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 87-sr36, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    20. Kirkpatrick, Colin & Tennant, David, 2002. "Responding to Financial Crisis: The Case of Jamaica," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 1933-1950, November.
    21. Peter Blair Henry & Conrad Miller, 2009. "Institutions versus Policies: A Tale of Two Islands," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 261-67, May.
    22. Kornai, J, 1979. "Resource-Constrained versus Demand-Constrained Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 801-19, July.
    23. Daron Acemoglu & James A. Robinson, 2013. "Economics versus Politics: Pitfalls of Policy Advice," NBER Working Papers 18921, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    24. Philippe Aghion & Patrick Bolton, 1997. "A Theory of Trickle-Down Growth and Development," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(2), pages 151-172.
    25. Springer, Basil, 2010. "Barbados: public-private sector partnership," Documentos de Proyectos 285, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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