IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Profils institutionnels

  • Pierre Berthelier
  • Alain Desdoigts
  • Jacques Ould Aoudia

[eng] Institutional Profiles, a New Database of the Institutionnal Characteristics of Developing, in Transition and Developed Countries The disparity between the development paths followed by the economies of a limited number of countries, known as "emerging", and the bulk of the other developing countries has shown the limitations of previous development strategies. As a consequence, at the beginning of the 1 990s, the question of institutions has been propelled to the top of the economic agenda. The empirical literature has now solidly documented and validated the general relationship between institutions and development. With this a starting point, attention is now being concentrated on the actual nature of the institutional mechanisms at work, the inter-relationships between them and their combined impact on development. Whereas previous analysis of development had mainly drawn on the instruments derived from national accounts, there are not as yet internationally standardised observation ins- truments for tackling the questions now being raised. A few institutional indicators were created since the end of the 1990s but these cover only a limited part of the institutional domain. This document attempts to fill the gap, putting forward an original database covering a broad and detailed field of institutional characteristics for 5 1 countries (developing, in transition and developed countries). The basic data were collected using a questionnaire completed in 2001 by the economic missions of the French Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry in the selected countries, enabling us to cover 80 % of the world's GDP and population. In this document, we set out the method used for the construction of our indicators. We then compare them with other existing indicators, noting the existence of convergence for elements that are common to the respective inquiries. On the basis of our indicators we confirm the relationship between institutions and levels of development. We then go on to explore the database using a non-inferential (data analysis) approach. We identify an 'institutional core" consisting of four major institutional characteristics (governance, security of transactions, innovation and regulations), leading us to draw up an initial typology of institutional profiles : "authoritarian- paternalistic", "mild liberal", "pure liberal" and "informal". This typology is then supplemented by a combination of both institutional and economic variables, highlighting the main thrusts providing the framework for the database : welfare and reform. The classification obtained aggregates countries by relevant sub-groups. [fre] Pierre Berthelier, Alain Desdoigts, Jacques Ould Aoudia Profils institutionnels, une base de données sur les caractéristiques de pays en développement, en transition et développés. La disparité des trajectoires économiques entre un nombre limité de pays, les « émergents », et la plupart des autres pays du sud, a marqué la limite des stratégies de développement antérieures et projeté, au début des années 1990, la question des institutions au cœur des préoccupations économiques. La littérature empirique a maintenant solidement documenté et validé la relation globale entre institutions et développement. L'attention est désormais concentrée sur la nature même des mécanismes institutionnels à l'œuvre, leurs interrelations, leurs effets conjoints sur le développement. . . Alors que l'analyse du développement avait jusqu'alors principalement emprunté aux outils de la compatibilité nationale, il n'existe pas encore d'instruments d'observation internationalement standardisés pour aborder ces nouveaux questionnements. Quelques indicateurs institutionnels ont été créés depuis la fin des années 1990. Ils ne couvrent qu'une partie limitée du champ institutionnel. Ce document s'efforce de répondre à ce manque. Il présente une base de données originale qui couvre un champ vaste et détaillé de caractéristiques institutionnelles sur 5 1 pays. Les données élémentaires ont été recueillies à partir d'un questionnaire documenté en 2001 par les Missions économiques du ministère de l'Economie des finances et de l'industrie (France), nous permettant de couvrir 80 % du PIB et de la population de la planète. Nous délivrons la méthode adoptée pour construire nos indicateurs. Nous les confrontons aux autres indicateurs existants, et constatons une convergence. Nous confirmons le lien de causalité entre institutions et niveau de développement. Nous explorons ensuite la base de données à partir d'une approche non inférentielle (analyse de données) : nous révélons un noyau institutionnel formé de quatre caractéristiques institutionnelles majeures (gouvernance, sécurité des transactions, innovation et régulations), et débouchons sur une première typologie de profils institutionnels. La combinaison des variables institutionnelles et des variables structurelles enrichit cette typologie et fait apparaître les grands axes qui structurent la base : l'axe du bien-être et celui des réformes. La classification obtenue regroupe les pays en sous-ensembles pertinents.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 19 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 121-196

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2004_num_19_1_1543
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2004.1543
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2004_num_19_1_1543. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.