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La crise argentine 1976-2001 : lectures institutionnalistes et régulationnistes


  • Robert Boyer

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PJSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Julio Neffa César

    (CEIL-PIETTE - Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Laborales - Programa de Investigaciones Económicas sobre Tecnología, Trabajo y Empleo - CEIL-PIETTE)


It is argued that the conventional analysis of the 2001 Argentina crisis in terms of populist budgetary policies and institutional rigidities of labor market is not satisfactory. The 2001 collapse takes place within a long history, but it results from a quite specific factor: the structural unbalance within the accumulation regime implied by the convertibility and the complete opening to world trade and financial globalization. The shakiness of major institutional compromises and the lack of policy tools to respond to the vagaries of the world economy explain the 1998 turning point from growth to depression. The fast economic recovery observed since 2002, associated to the default of public debt and the pesification, does not mean that Argentina has definitely overcome the structural obstacles that have been hindering its growth since 1976. The likelihood and resilience of alternative development modes is finally discussed. It is difficult to overcome the logic of a primary product exporter country. Of course, its potential is larger in the 2000s, but this economic regime is not totally transformed by the expected medium term rise of commodities prices at the world level.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Boyer & Julio Neffa César, 2007. "La crise argentine 1976-2001 : lectures institutionnalistes et régulationnistes," PSE Working Papers halshs-00587696, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00587696
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krugman, Paul, 1979. "A Model of Balance-of-Payments Crises," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(3), pages 311-325, August.
    2. Jorge Eduardo Carrera & Mariano Feliz & Demian Panigo, 2000. "How Does Dollarization Affect Real Volatility and Country Risk?," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0(2), pages 73-136, July-Dece.
    3. Pierre Berthelier & Alain Desdoigts & Jacques Ould Aoudia, 2004. "Profils institutionnels," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 19(1), pages 121-196.
    4. Fanelli, José María & Heymann, Daniel, 2002. "Monetary dilemmas: Argentina in MERCOSUR," Estudios y Perspectivas – Oficina de la CEPAL en Buenos Aires 7, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann, 1999. "Exchange rates and financial fragility," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 329-368.
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