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La propagation des grandes idées? L\'impact de l\'activité de brevet des firmes leader sur les inventeurs locaux

  • Carlo MENON

Le document examine si l’activité de brevetage des entreprises les plus inventives affecte le nombre de brevets délivrés à d\'autres inventeurs locaux dans la même zone métropolitaine aux États-Unis. La théorie économique prédit que les effets positifs des économies d\'agglomération peuvent être contrebalancés par une pression à la hausse sur les salaires, laquelle est plus prononcée à court terme et au sein de chaque classe de technologie. L\'analyse empirique exploite la structure en panel des données pour inclure différents effets fixes, et adopte une approche avec variable instrumentale pour démontrer la causalité. Les résultats montrent que l\'effet est globalement positif, qu’il est plus marqué avec un décalage dans le temps, et qu’il ne se limite pas à la même catégorie de technologie, ce qui suggère que la diffusion de connaissances à la Jacob entre secteurs domine les autre sources d\'économies d\'agglomération intra-sectorielles, y compris les mécanismes de partage et d’appariement. Les implications pour la politique de développement local sont discutées.

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Paper provided by Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée in its series Cahiers du GREThA with number 2014-11.

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Date of creation: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2014-11
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