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Primary School Reopenings and Parental Work

Author

Listed:
  • Pierre-Loup Beauregard

    (Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia)

  • Marie Connolly

    (Department of Economics, University of Quebec in Montreal)

  • Catherine Haeck

    (Department of Economics, University of Quebec in Montreal)

  • Timea Laura Molnar

    (Department of Economics and Business, Central European University)

Abstract

In this paper, we exploit the geographical pattern of primary school reopenings during the COVID-19 pandemic in Quebec to estimate the impact of school reopenings on parental employment and work hours. We first use a difference-in-differences approach, in which we compare parents of primary-school children in regions where school reopened in May 2020 to similar parents in regions where schools remained closed. We also use a triple-difference model, in which parents of older, secondary-school children are used as an additional control group. We estimate the impact of school reopenings separately for mothers and fathers, and for single parents and parents living in dual-parent households. We find a positive impact of school reopenings on employment and on actual hours worked. The effects tend to be stronger for single parents: single mothers have experienced a 20 percentage point increase in their employment rate following school reopenings. We also split our sample according to whether the job can be done from home, and find stronger impacts for those whose jobs cannot easily be done from home. Our results suggest that reopening schools allows parents, especially single parents, to maintain their employment link and support themselves.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre-Loup Beauregard & Marie Connolly & Catherine Haeck & Timea Laura Molnar, 2020. "Primary School Reopenings and Parental Work," Working Papers 20-06, Research Group on Human Capital, University of Quebec in Montreal's School of Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:grc:wpaper:20-06
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Catherine Haeck & Pierre Lefebvre, 2020. "Pandemic School Closures May Increase Inequality in Test Scores," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 46(S1), pages 82-87, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. David A. Green & Ali Karimirad & Gaëlle Simard-Duplain & Henry E. Siu, 2020. "COVID and the Economic Importance of In-Person K-12 Schooling," NBER Working Papers 28200, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Titan Alon & Sena Coskun & Matthias Doepke & David Koll & Michèle Tertilt, 2021. "From Mancession to Shecession: Women's Employment in Regular and Pandemic Recessions," NBER Working Papers 28632, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Titan Alon & Sena Coskun & Matthias Doepke & David Koll & Michèle Tertilt, 2021. "From Mancession to Shecession: Women's Employment in Regular and Pandemic Recessions," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2021, volume 36, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Yamaguchi Shintaro & Daiji Kawaguchi, 2021. "Covid-19 and the Employment Gender Gap," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 2126, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    school closures; school reopenings; labour market; employment; work hours; pandemic; Canada;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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