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Institutions and market integration: The case of coffee in the Ethiopian commodity exchange:

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  • Hernandez, Manuel A.
  • Rashid, Shahidur
  • Lemma, Solomon
  • Kuma, Tadesse

Abstract

While the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) is widely credited to be a successful on several accounts, there has been little rigorous empirical investigation. This paper attempts to fill that gap by analyzing how ECX has influenced the international-domestic price relationships of coffee—the largest traded commodity on its floor. We examine three aspects of price dynamics—market interdependence, volatility transmission, and structural breaks—using a spatially disaggregated prices of five coffee varieties. The results indicate that contrary to popular media stories, ECX’s success in improving coffee price relationships has been limited. The results appear to be robust under all three sets of analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernandez, Manuel A. & Rashid, Shahidur & Lemma, Solomon & Kuma, Tadesse, 2015. "Institutions and market integration: The case of coffee in the Ethiopian commodity exchange:," IFPRI discussion papers 1464, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1464
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jushan Bai & Pierre Perron, 1998. "Estimating and Testing Linear Models with Multiple Structural Changes," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(1), pages 47-78, January.
    2. Gardebroek, Cornelis & Hernandez, Manuel A., 2013. "Do energy prices stimulate food price volatility? Examining volatility transmission between US oil, ethanol and corn markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 119-129.
    3. Manuel A. Hernandez & Raul Ibarra & Danilo R. Trupkin, 2014. "How far do shocks move across borders? Examining volatility transmission in major agricultural futures markets," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 41(2), pages 301-325.
    4. Ivanic, Maros & Martin, Will & Zaman, Hassan, 2012. "Estimating the Short-Run Poverty Impacts of the 2010–11 Surge in Food Prices," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(11), pages 2302-2317.
    5. Shahidur Rashid, 2004. "Spatial Integration of Maize Markets in Post-liberalised Uganda," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 13(1), pages 102-133, March.
    6. Luis Miguel Robles & Maximo Torero, 2010. "Understanding the Impact of High Food Prices in Latin America," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Spring 20), pages 117-164, January.
    7. Durevall, Dick & Loening, Josef L. & Ayalew Birru, Yohannes, 2013. "Inflation dynamics and food prices in Ethiopia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 89-106.
    8. Rashid, Shahidur & Winter-Nelson, Alex & Garcia, Philip, 2010. "Purpose and potential for commodity exchanges in African economies:," IFPRI discussion papers 1035, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. Dorosh, Paul A. & Rashid, Shahidur, 2013. "Food and agriculture in Ethiopia: Progress and policy challenges," Issue briefs 74, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    10. Carrasco, Marine & Chen, Xiaohong, 2002. "Mixing And Moment Properties Of Various Garch And Stochastic Volatility Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(1), pages 17-39, February.
    11. Marc F. Bellemare & Christopher B. Barrett & David R. Just, 2013. "The Welfare Impacts of Commodity Price Volatility: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 95(4), pages 877-899.
    12. Mattos, Fabio & Garcia, Philip, 2004. "Price Discovery In Thinly Traded Markets: Cash And Futures Relationships In Brazilian Agricultural Futures Markets," 2004 Conference, April 19-20, 2004, St. Louis, Missouri 19019, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
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    Cited by:

    1. Briones, Roehlano M. & Tolin, Lovely Ann C., 2016. "Warehouse Receipts as a System for Improving the Efficiency of Rice and Corn Marketing in the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2016-45, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.

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    Keywords

    markets; prices; coffee; commodity markets;

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