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Natural Resources and Global Misallocation

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  • Alexander Monge-Naranjo
  • Juan M. Sanchez
  • Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis

Abstract

We explore the efficiency in the allocation of physical capital and human capital across countries. The observed marginal products can differ across countries because of differences in technology (i.e. production functions) and in distortions (i.e. differences in use of factors) across countries. To identify differences in technology, we use new data and propose a simple method to estimate output shares of natural resources, and thus adjust the estimated marginal products of physical and human capital. With a sample of 79 countries from 1970 to 2005, we find that the world has decidedly moved in the direction of efficiency in the allocation of physical capital, from global output losses around 7% in the 1970s to a still substantial 2% by 2005. This trend is accounted for by domestic capital accumulation, as external flows have had little impact. There is also a large degree of heterogeneity in the net gains across countries. For example, we find larger gains for countries with more interventionist policies. With respect to human capital, we uncover much larger global losses from its misallocation. Indeed, contrary to physical capital, we find that the human capital allocation had worsened over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Monge-Naranjo & Juan M. Sanchez & Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis, 2015. "Natural Resources and Global Misallocation," Working Papers 2015-13, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2015-013
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    Cited by:

    1. Laiqun Jin & Xiuyan Liu & Sam Hak Kan Tang, 2021. "High-Technology Zones, Misallocation of Resources among Cities and Aggregate Productivity: Evidence from China," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 21-11, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
    2. Andrés O. Dávila & Manuel Fernández & Hernando Zuleta, 2021. "The Natural Resource Boom and The Uneven Fall of The Labor Share," Documentos CEDE 019427, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    3. Matt Lowe & Chris Papageorgiou & Fidel Perez‐Sebastian, 2019. "The Public and Private Marginal Product of Capital," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 86(342), pages 336-361, April.
    4. Maya Eden, 2019. "International Liquidity Rents," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 31, pages 147-159, January.
    5. James B. Bullard, 2016. "A New Characterization of the U.S. Macroeconomic and Monetary Policy Outlook : a speech at the Society of Business Economists Annual Dinner, London, United Kingdom, June 30, 2016," Speech 271, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    6. Claudia De La Huerta & Emiliano Luttini, 2017. "The Implications of Exhaustible Resources and Sectoral Composition for Growth Accounting: An Application to Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 807, Central Bank of Chile.
    7. Villena, Marcelo & Greve, Fernando, 2018. "On resource depletion and productivity: The case of the Chilean copper industry," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 553-562.
    8. Óscar Afonso & Liliana Fonseca & Manuela Magalhães & Paulo B. Vasconcelos, 2021. "Directed technical change and environmental quality," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 20(1), pages 71-97, January.
    9. Germain, Marc, 2020. "Limits to growth and structural change," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 204-221.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Natural Resources; Factor Shares; Misallocation; Investment; Capital Flows; Human Capital;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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