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The cyclical behavior of equilibrium unemployment and vacancies across OECD countries

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  • Pedro S. Amaral
  • Murat Tasci

Abstract

We show that the inability of a standardly-calibrated stochastic labor search-and-matching model to account for the observed volatility of unemployment and vacancies extends beyond U.S. data to a set of OECD countries. We also argue that using cross-country data is helpful in evaluating the relative merits of the alternatives that have appeared in the literature. In illustrating this point, we take the solution proposed in Hagedorn and Manovskii (2008) and show that its ability to match the labor market volatility magnitudes seen in the data depends crucially on how persistent the estimated productivity process is.

Suggested Citation

  • Pedro S. Amaral & Murat Tasci, 2012. "The cyclical behavior of equilibrium unemployment and vacancies across OECD countries," Working Paper 1236, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcwp:1236
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro Amaral, 2014. "The cyclicality of the Portuguese labour market: a macroeconomic perspective in the OECD context," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    2. Gabriele Cardullo & Marco Guerrazzi, 2016. "The Cyclical Volatility of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies: Evidence From Italy," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 30(4), pages 433-454, December.
    3. Ginters Buss, 2015. "Search-and-Matching Frictions and Labour Market Dynamics in Latvia," Working Papers 2015/04, Latvijas Banka.
    4. Gabor Pinter, 2015. "House Prices and Job Losses," Discussion Papers 1507, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    5. Chun-Hung Kuo & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2016. "Unemployment and Wage Rigidity in Japan: A DSGE Model Perspective," Working Papers EMS_2016_06, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    6. Meradj Mortezapouraghdam, 2016. "Three Essays on the Role of Frictions in the Economy," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/293qice3lj8, Sciences Po.
    7. repec:eee:labeco:v:50:y:2018:i:c:p:156-179 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Marc A. C. Hafstead & Roberton C. Williams III, 2016. "Unemployment and Environmental Regulation in General Equilibrium," NBER Working Papers 22269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment ; Wages ; Business cycles ; Human capital;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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