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The cyclical volatility of labor markets under frictional financial markets

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  • Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau
  • Etienne Wasmer

Abstract

This paper shows in an economy with search on credit and labor markets that a financial multiplier raises the elasticity of labor market tightness to productivity shocks, and that this multiplier is an increasing function of total financial costs in the economy. Under a credit market Hosios-Pissarides rule, total search costs in the credit market are minimized, and so is the financial multiplier. Relaxing that condition leads to larger multipliers which can match or even overshoot the elasticity of market tightness in the data. The reason is similar to that of Hagedorn and Manovskii (2008) small labor surplus assumption: we identify the configurations of parameters leading to small "bank" surplus or a small "firm surplus" in the credit market, conducive of an amplification of productivity shocks. Furthermore, when wages are endogenous, it is possible to partially relax the small labor surplus assumption in order to match the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau & Etienne Wasmer, "undated". "The cyclical volatility of labor markets under frictional financial markets," GSIA Working Papers 2010-E1, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmu:gsiawp:1263568949
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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