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The cyclical volatility of labor markets under frictional financial markets

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  • Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau
  • Etienne Wasmer

Abstract

This paper shows in an economy with search on credit and labor markets that a financial multiplier raises the elasticity of labor market tightness to productivity shocks, and that this multiplier is an increasing function of total financial costs in the economy. Under a credit market Hosios-Pissarides rule, total search costs in the credit market are minimized, and so is the financial multiplier. Relaxing that condition leads to larger multipliers which can match or even overshoot the elasticity of market tightness in the data. The reason is similar to that of Hagedorn and Manovskii (2008) small labor surplus assumption: we identify the configurations of parameters leading to small "bank" surplus or a small "firm surplus" in the credit market, conducive of an amplification of productivity shocks. Furthermore, when wages are endogenous, it is possible to partially relax the small labor surplus assumption in order to match the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau & Etienne Wasmer, "undated". "The cyclical volatility of labor markets under frictional financial markets," GSIA Working Papers 2010-E1, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmu:gsiawp:1263568949
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marcus Hagedorn & Iourii Manovskii, 2008. "The Cyclical Behavior of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies Revisited," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1692-1706, September.
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    4. Pierre Cahuc & Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2006. "Wage Bargaining with On-the-Job Search: Theory and Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, pages 323-364.
    5. Mortensen, Dale & Pissarides, Christopher, 2011. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 1-19.
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    10. Cole, Harold L & Rogerson, Richard, 1999. "Can the Mortensen-Pissarides Matching Model Match the Business-Cycle Facts?," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(4), pages 933-959, November.
    11. Philippe Weil & Etienne Wasmer, 2004. "The macroeconomics of credit and labor market imperfections," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/13436, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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