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FIR-GEM: A SOE-DSGE Model for fiscal policy analysis in Ireland

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  • Varthalitis, Petros

Abstract

This paper presents FIR-GEM: Fiscal IRish General Equilibrium Model. FIR-GEM is a small open economy DSGE model designed as fiscal toolkit for fiscal policy analysis in Ireland. To illustrate the model's potential for fiscal policy analysis, we conduct three types of experiments. First, we analyse the fiscal transmission mechanism through which Irish fiscal policy affects the Irish economy. Second, we compute fiscal multipliers for the main tax-spending instruments, namely government consumption, public investment, public wage bill, public transfers, consumption, labour and capital tax. We focus on a fiscal policy stimulus that is either implemented through spending increases or tax cuts. Third, we perform robustness analysis on key structural characteristics that can affect quantitatively the size of fiscal multipliers. We find that the size of fiscal multipliers in the Irish economy heavily depends on its degree of openness, the method of fiscal financing employed, the elasticity of the sovereign risk premia to Irish debt dynamics and the flexibility of Irish labour and product markets.
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  • Varthalitis, Petros, 2019. "FIR-GEM: A SOE-DSGE Model for fiscal policy analysis in Ireland," Papers WP620, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp620
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    Cited by:

    1. de Bruin, Kelly & Monaghan, Eoin & Yakut, Aykut Mert, 2020. "The use of the I3E model in macroeconomic analysis for the Irish economy," Papers WP679, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    2. Varthalitis, Petros, 2019. "Fiscal multipliers in Ireland using FIR-GEM model," Papers WP636, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    3. Hickey, Rónán & Lozej, Matija & Smyth, Diarmaid, 2019. "Government Investment, Its Financing and the Public Capital Stock: A Small Open Economy Perspective," Research Technical Papers 9/RT/19, Central Bank of Ireland.
    4. McQuinn, Kieran & Varthalitis, Petros, 2020. "Debt sharing after Covid-19: How the direct involvement of EU institutions could impact the recovery path of a member state," Papers WP663, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    5. McQuinn, Kieran & Varthalitis, Petros, 2018. "How openness to trade rescued the Irish economy," Papers WP608, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    6. Johannes Hermanus Kemp & Hylton Hollander, 2020. "A medium-sized, open-economy, fiscal DSGE model of South Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2020-92, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Allen-Coghlan, Matthew & McQuinn, Kieran & Varthalitis, Petros, 2020. "Sovereign debt after COVID-19: How the involvement of the ECB can impact the recovery path of a Member State," Quarterly Economic Commentary: Special Articles, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).

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    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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