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Do non-performing loans matter for bank lending and the business cycle in euro area countries?

Author

Listed:
  • Huljak, Ivan
  • Martin, Reiner
  • Moccero, Diego
  • Pancaro, Cosimo

Abstract

We contribute to the empirical literature on the impact of non-performing loan (NPL) ratios on aggregate banking sector variables and the macroeconomy by estimating a panel Bayesian VAR model for twelve euro area countries. The model is estimated assuming a hierarchical prior that allows for country-specific coefficients. The VAR includes a large set of variables and is identified via Choleski factorisation. We estimate the impact of exogenous shocks to the change in NPL ratios across countries. The main findings of the paper are as follows: i ) An impulse response analysis shows that an exogenous increase in the change in NPL ratios tends to depress bank lending volumes, widens bank lending spreads and leads to a fall in real GDP growth and residential real estate prices; ii ) A forecast error variance decomposition shows that shocks to the change in NPL ratios explain a relatively large share of the variance of the variables in the VAR, particularly for countries that experienced a large increase in NPL ratios during the recent crises; and iii ) A three-year structural out-of-sample scenario analysis provides quantitative evidence that reducing banks' NPL ratios can produce significant benefits in euro area countries in terms of improved macroeconomic and financial conditions. JEL Classification: G21, C32, C11

Suggested Citation

  • Huljak, Ivan & Martin, Reiner & Moccero, Diego & Pancaro, Cosimo, 2020. "Do non-performing loans matter for bank lending and the business cycle in euro area countries?," Working Paper Series 2411, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20202411
    Note: 339083
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    euro area countries; hierarchical priors; non-performing loans; panel Bayesian VAR;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General

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