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Heckscher-Ohlin and Agglomeration

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Abstract

New Economic Geography (NEG) models are difficult to confront with the data, since "on the one hand, they generally emphasise the unleashing of agglomeration forces after trade liberalisation, but on the other hand, they also accomodate multiple equilibria and non-monotonicity" (Brülhart, 1998a). In this paper, we show that once factor proportions are fully taken into account in a standard NEG model, the indeterminacy arising from multiple equilibria becomes less severe, and non-monotonicy arises as the most general implication of this literature. We further show that, although trade integration among similar countries ultimately leads to factor price equalisation, agglomeration economies imply an overshooting of relative factor prices with respect to their free trade level in the process of economic integration. Finally, we show that the joint interaction of factor proportions and agglomeration economies may help explain the simultaneous rise in production specialisation and fall in trade specialisation experienced by most European countries in the last decades.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Epifani, 2001. "Heckscher-Ohlin and Agglomeration," KITeS Working Papers 126, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Dec 2001.
  • Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp126
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    Cited by:

    1. Koji Nishikimi & Ikuo Kuroiwa, 2011. "Analytical Framework for East Asian Integration (1): Industrial Agglomeration and Concentrated Dispersion," Chapters,in: The Economics of East Asian Integration, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Pierre M. Picard & Dao‐Zhi Zeng, 2010. "A Harmonization Of First And Second Natures," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(5), pages 973-994, December.
    3. Rosés, Joan Ramón & Martínez-Galarraga, Julio & Tirado, Daniel A., 2010. "The upswing of regional income inequality in Spain (1860-1930)," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 244-257, April.
    4. Francesco Di Comite & d’Artis Kancs, 2014. "Modelling of Agglomeration and Dispersion in RHOMOLO," JRC Working Papers JRC81349, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    5. Marius Brülhart, 2009. "An Account of Global Intra-industry Trade, 1962-2006," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 401-459, March.
    6. Maria Florencia Granato, 2011. "REGIONAL NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p747, European Regional Science Association.
    7. G.A. Minerva, 2006. "Natural Advantage, Location and Trade Patterns in Increasing Returns to Scale Industries," Working Papers 560, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    8. Lili Tan & Dao-Zhi Zeng, 2014. "Spatial inequality between developed and developing economies," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(2), pages 229-248, June.
    9. Pflüger, Michael P. & Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2016. "Comparative Advantage and Agglomeration of Economic Activity," IZA Discussion Papers 10273, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Bagoulla, Corinne & Péridy, Nicolas, 2011. "Market access and the other determinants of North–South manufacturing location choice: An application to the Euro-Mediterranean area," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 537-561.
    11. Epifani, Paolo, 2005. "Heckscher-Ohlin and agglomeration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 645-657, November.
    12. PICARD, Pierre M. & ZENG, Dao-Zhi, 2006. "Industrial location : a synthesis of Chamberlin and Ricardo," CORE Discussion Papers 2006055, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    13. Frédéric Robert-Nicoud, 2006. "Agglomeration and Trade with Input–Output Linkages and Capital Mobility," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 101-126.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Integration; Specialisation; New economic geography; Factor proportions; Stolper-Samuelson;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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