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Performance, Diversity and National Identity Evidence from Association football

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  • Jorge Tovar

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Abstract

The increasing national diversity of co-workers has no consensus on its impact on performance. Using a team’s predominant nationality as proxy for national diversity and national identity, there is robust evidence that it affects performance. Detailed worker-level data from a highly globalized industry, association football, shows a non-linear relationship between performance and the predominant nationality of a team’s roster. As the number of members from the predominant nationality increase, performance declines. However, beyond a threshold level, performance rises. It implies that performance benefits from national diversity when the predominant nationality is small and from national identity when it is large.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Tovar, 2018. "Performance, Diversity and National Identity Evidence from Association football," Documentos CEDE 016820, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:016820
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2018-46.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    National Identity; National Diversity; Team Performance;

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • Z21 - Other Special Topics - - Sports Economics - - - Industry Studies
    • Z22 - Other Special Topics - - Sports Economics - - - Labor Issues
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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