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From the Pandemic to the Pitch. Unraveling COVID-19's Effect on Workers' Performance


  • Galindo, Arturo

    (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Tovar, Jorge

    (Universidad de los Andes)


There is a growing body of literature on the impact that COVID-19 has on workers' performance upon recovery. This paper explores that question using granular data from professional athletes. Using a difference-in-difference estimation strategy and estimating an n-dimensional performance index, we find that performance drops upon recovery during the first thirty days a􀅌er infection by 13,4%. Exploiting the mountainous geography of Colombia, our results indicate that the main driver of such a drop is performing at high altitudes.

Suggested Citation

  • Galindo, Arturo & Tovar, Jorge, 2024. "From the Pandemic to the Pitch. Unraveling COVID-19's Effect on Workers' Performance," Documentos CEDE 21007, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:021007

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fischer, Kai & Reade, J. James & Schmal, W. Benedikt, 2022. "What cannot be cured must be endured: The long-lasting effect of a COVID-19 infection on workplace productivity," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    2. Hoey, Sam & Peeters, Thomas & van Ours, Jan C., 2023. "The impact of absent co-workers on productivity in teams," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(C).
    3. Jorge Tovar, 2020. "Performance, Diversity And National Identity Evidence From Association Football," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 58(2), pages 897-916, April.
    4. Cristina Delgado-Alonso & Constanza Cuevas & Silvia Oliver-Mas & María Díez-Cirarda & Alfonso Delgado-Álvarez & María José Gil-Moreno & Jorge Matías-Guiu & Jordi A. Matias-Guiu, 2022. "Fatigue and Cognitive Dysfunction Are Associated with Occupational Status in Post-COVID Syndrome," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(20), pages 1-9, October.
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    More about this item


    COVID-19; Football; Soccer; Workers Performance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J40 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - General
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • Z20 - Other Special Topics - - Sports Economics - - - General

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