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Where are the missing girls? Gender discrimination in mid-19th century Spain

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Abstract

Drawing on a large dataset at the district level for mid-19th century Spain, this article shows not only that average (male-to-female) infant and childhood sex ratios were relatively high, but also that some regions experienced extremely high figures, thus pointing to some sort of excess female mortality. The analysis also suggests that economic deprivation was likely to trigger gender discrimination towards newborn and/or young girls. Although less conclusive, there is also evidence that certain social and cultural contexts could have also mitigated this behaviour.

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  • Francisco J. Beltrán Tapia & Domingo Gallego, 2015. "Where are the missing girls? Gender discrimination in mid-19th century Spain," Working Papers 23, Department of Economic and Social History at the University of Cambridge.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmh:wpaper:23
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    File URL: http://www.econsoc.hist.cam.ac.uk/docs/CWPESHnumber23July2015.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Del Rey, Elena & Jimenez-Martin, Sergi & Vall Castello, Judit, 2018. "Improving educational and labor outcomes through child labor regulation," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 51-66.
    2. David Soto Fernández & José-Miguel Lana-Berasain, 2018. "La Historia Agraria contemporánea española en claroscuro," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1803, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.

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