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Excess Mortality, Institutionalization and Homelessness Among Status Indians in Canada

Listed author(s):
  • Akee, Randall K. Q.

    ()

    (University of California, Los Angeles)

  • Feir, Donna

    ()

    (University of Victoria)

Registered author(s):

    In this paper we use confidential-use Census and administrative data to produce the first national estimates of excess mortality, institutionalization and homelessness for the largest Indigenous population in Canada from the ages of 5 to 64. We identify mortality rates at least twice the Canadian average and find exceptionally high mortality rates for young Indigenous women and girls – up to four times the Canadian average at certain ages. We show mortality rates are even higher on reserve – up to five times the Canadian average. These relative mortality rates are higher than the relative mortality rates of African Americans and the Native Americans to non-Hispanics in the United States. We also estimate very high rates of institutionalization and homelessness, especially among men and as a result there are stark gender ratio imbalances among this population. We speculate that this gender imbalance may play a role in excess female mortality in addition to several other socioeconomic factors.

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    File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp10416.pdf
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    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 10416.

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    Length: 62 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2016
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10416
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