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Sex Selection and Gender Balance

  • V. Bhaskar

We model the equilibrium sex ratio when parents can choose the sex of their child. With intrinsic son preference, sex selection results in a male-biased sex ratio. This is inefficient due to a marriage market congestion externality. Medical innovations that facilitate selection aggravate the inefficiency. If son preference arises endogenously, due to population growth causing an excess supply of women on the marriage market, selection may improve welfare. Empirically, sex selection causes an excess of males and reduces welfare in China. In most parts of India, cohort sizes are growing, implying an excess supply of women. (JEL J12, J13, J16, O15, P23)

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/mic.3.1.214
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Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Journal: Microeconomics.

Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 214-44

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aejmic:v:3:y:2011:i:1:p:214-44
Note: DOI: 10.1257/mic.3.1.214
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://www.aeaweb.org/aej-micro
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