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A Theory of the Competitive Saving Motive

  • Qingyuan Du
  • Shang-Jin Wei

Motivated by recent empirical work, this paper formalizes a theory of competitive savings - an arms race in household savings for mating competition that is made more fierce by an increase in the male-to-female ratio in the pre-marital cohort. Relative to the empirical work, the theory can clarify a number of important questions: What determines the strength of the savings response by males (or households with a son)? Can women (or households with a daughter) dis-save? What are the conditions under which aggregate savings would go up in response to a higher sex ratio? This theory can potentially help to understand the savings patterns in China, India, Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong, and other economies that have experienced a dramatic increase in the pre-marital sex ratio.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18911.

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Date of creation: Mar 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as Du, Qingyuan & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2013. "A theory of the competitive saving motive," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 275-289.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18911
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