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The Macroeconomics of Money Market Freezes

Author

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  • Max Bruche

    () (CEMFI, Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros)

  • Javier Suarez

    () (CEMFI, Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros)

Abstract

This paper develops a tractable general equilibrium model in which money markets provide structural funding to some banks. When bank default risk becomes significant, retail deposit insurance creates an asymmetry between banks that operate in savingsrich regions, which can remain financed at cheap risk-free rates, and in savings-poor regions, which have to pay either large spreads in money markets or high rates for the scarce regional savings. We show that this asymmetry can cause a severe distortion of the aggregate allocation of credit. When interdependencies across borrowers are large (e.g., via demand externalities), output and welfare losses are also large and can be dramatically reduced by an aggressive subsidization of money market borrowing. The analysis offers some insights on the rationale for responding to a money markets freeze with full-allotment fixed-rate lending policies by central banks or the extension of government guarantees on non-deposit liabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Max Bruche & Javier Suarez, 2009. "The Macroeconomics of Money Market Freezes," Working Papers wp2009_0901, CEMFI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmf:wpaper:wp2009_0901
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yusuke Kamishiro & Roberto Serrano, 2011. "Equilibrium Blocking in Large Quasilinear Economies," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 36(3), pages 552-567, August.
    2. Roberto Serrano, 2009. "On Watson's Non-Forcing Contracts and Renegotiation," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(3), pages 2350-2360.
    3. Manuel Arellano & Lars Peter Hansen & Enrique Sentana, 2009. "Underidentification? (Resumen)," Working Papers wp2009_0905, CEMFI.
    4. Florian Heider & Marie Hoerova, 2009. "Interbank Lending, Credit-Risk Premia, and Collateral," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 5(4), pages 5-43, December.
    5. Serrano, Roberto & Vohra, Rajiv, 2010. "Multiplicity of mixed equilibria in mechanisms: A unified approach to exact and approximate implementation," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(5), pages 775-785, September.
    6. Max Bruche, 2009. "Bankruptcy Codes, Liquidation Timing, and Debt Valuation," Working Papers wp2009_0902, CEMFI.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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