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A 'Health Kuznets' Curve'? Cross-Country and Longitudinal Evidence

Author

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  • Joan Costa-i-Font
  • Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo
  • Azusa Sato

Abstract

The distribution of income related health inequalities appear to exhibit varying patterns when developing countries and developed countries are examined. One explanation is the existence of a health Kuznets’ curve. This paper sets out as an exploratory analysis to test the hypothesis of an inverse U shape pattern between both economic development (as measured by GDP per capita) and income inequalities in health (as measured by concentration indices). We draw upon two datasets, the World Health Survey and the European Community household survey. Our results show that income-related inequalities in self-reported health rise but tail off once a threshold level of economic development has been attained. Thus, there is a health Kuznets’ curve on per capita income, with a polynomial association where the tipping point lies around $26,000 to $38,700.

Suggested Citation

  • Joan Costa-i-Font & Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo & Azusa Sato, 2013. "A 'Health Kuznets' Curve'? Cross-Country and Longitudinal Evidence," CESifo Working Paper Series 4446, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4446
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp4446.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Youssef, Adel Ben & Lannes, Laurence & Rault, Christophe & Soucat, Agnes, 2016. "Energy Consumption and Health Outcomes in Africa," IZA Discussion Papers 10325, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    concentration indices; self-reported health; health inequalities; Kuznets’ curve; income related health inequalities;

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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