Measuring Income-Related Inequalities in Health in Multi-Country Analysis/Midiendo las desigualdades en salud relacionadas con la renta entre países
Health inequalities remain a cause of concern for policymakers across the world. However, the measurement and monitoring of health inequalities over time and across countries remain a research challenge. The concentration index is one of the most popular measurement tools, however, it presents several drawbacks, especially for bounded variables, which are discussed in this study. Results from the European Community Household Panel dataset and the Statistics of Income and Living Conditions for Europe suggest that there is evidence of persistent socioeconomic inequalities in health in Europe. Further, results show the need of reporting both absolute and relative inequalities for appropriately monitoring and comparing trends in health inequalities across countries. Las desigualdades en salud siguen siendo prioritarias en la agenda política de los países. Sin embargo, la medida y la monitorización de dichas desigualdades en el tiempo y entre países continúan siendo un desafío para los investigado¬res. El Índice de Concentración es una de las herramientas más utilizadas; sin embargo, éste presenta limitaciones, especialmente para variables limitadas, que son comentadas en este estudio. Los resultados obtenidos a partir del Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea y las Estadísticas de Renta y Condiciones de Vida Europea demuestran que existen desigualdades socioeconómicas en salud en Europa persistentes en el tiempo. Además, de los resultados se desprende la necesidad de mostrar las desigualdades tanto absolutas como relativas, para realizar el seguimiento adecuado de las mismas y asimismo, favorecer la comparación de las desigualdades en salud entre países.
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Volume (Year): 31 (2013)
Issue (Month): (Septiembre)
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