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Measuring Income-Related Inequalities in Health in Multi-Country Analysis/Midiendo las desigualdades en salud relacionadas con la renta entre países

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  • HERNÁNDEZ-QUEVEDO, CRISTINA

    () (European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, LSE Health, Cowdray House, Houghton Street, WC2A 2AE London, United Kingdom.)

  • MASSERIA, CRISTINA

    () (GSK Vaccines, 2301 Renaissance Boulevard King of Prussia, PA 19406, Philadelphia, USA.)

Abstract

Health inequalities remain a cause of concern for policymakers across the world. However, the measurement and monitoring of health inequalities over time and across countries remain a research challenge. The concentration index is one of the most popular measurement tools, however, it presents several drawbacks, especially for bounded variables, which are discussed in this study. Results from the European Community Household Panel dataset and the Statistics of Income and Living Conditions for Europe suggest that there is evidence of persistent socioeconomic inequalities in health in Europe. Further, results show the need of reporting both absolute and relative inequalities for appropriately monitoring and comparing trends in health inequalities across countries. Las desigualdades en salud siguen siendo prioritarias en la agenda política de los países. Sin embargo, la medida y la monitorización de dichas desigualdades en el tiempo y entre países continúan siendo un desafío para los investigado¬res. El Índice de Concentración es una de las herramientas más utilizadas; sin embargo, éste presenta limitaciones, especialmente para variables limitadas, que son comentadas en este estudio. Los resultados obtenidos a partir del Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea y las Estadísticas de Renta y Condiciones de Vida Europea demuestran que existen desigualdades socioeconómicas en salud en Europa persistentes en el tiempo. Además, de los resultados se desprende la necesidad de mostrar las desigualdades tanto absolutas como relativas, para realizar el seguimiento adecuado de las mismas y asimismo, favorecer la comparación de las desigualdades en salud entre países.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina & Masseria, Cristina, 2013. "Measuring Income-Related Inequalities in Health in Multi-Country Analysis/Midiendo las desigualdades en salud relacionadas con la renta entre países," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 31, pages 455-476, Septiembr.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:31_2_12
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Índice de Concentración; desigualdades en salud; salud autopercibida; limitaciones en salud; Europa ; Concentration Index; Inequalities In Health; Self-Assessed Health; Health Limitations; Europe.;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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