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Provincial Income Convergence in China, 1953-1997: a Panel Data Approach

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  • Yudon, Y.
  • Weeks, M.

Abstract

China's accelerated growth rate during the reform period 1978-97 has reinforced concerns about how to cope with continued expansion while also maintaining balanced regional growth. We examine the tendency to, and the speed of, provincial income convergence during the two periods: pre-reform (1953-1977) and reform (1978-1997). The Solow growth model provides the main theoretical framework. The empirical method accounts for heteogeneity in both initial technology and the rate of technological progress. Estimation problems are addressed by using the System GMM Estimator and a coefficient bound provided by the OLS and within group estimator. Although we find evidence of conditional convergence for both the periods, relative to the estimated convergence speed for other regions and countries, China's provincial convergence speeds are surprisingly low: 0.414% for the pre-reform period and 2.23% for the reform period. This means that, despite China's remarkable economic growth, the provincial income converg ence process has been disappointing.

Suggested Citation

  • Yudon, Y. & Weeks, M., 2000. "Provincial Income Convergence in China, 1953-1997: a Panel Data Approach," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0010, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  • Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:0010
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    Cited by:

    1. Daoqin TONG & Sandy DALL’ERBA, 2008. "Spatial Disparities In The Chinese Ict Sector: A Regional Analysis," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 28, pages 111-129.
    2. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2014. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 4, pages 683-779 Elsevier.
    3. Joao Tovar Jalles, 2011. "The Impact Of Democracy And Corruption On The Debt-Growth Relationship In Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 36(4), pages 41-72, December.
    4. He, Qichun, 2011. "Home-bias Politics, Financial Deregulation and Economic Growth: A Causal Relationship," MPRA Paper 34482, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. He, Qichun, 2011. "Dances with Chinese data: are the reform period Chinese provincial panel data reliable?," MPRA Paper 35418, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Reuter & Ulrich, 2004. "The Effects of Intraregional Disparities on Regional Development in China: Inequality Decomposition and Panel-Data Analysis," Econometric Society 2004 Far Eastern Meetings 716, Econometric Society.
    7. Westerlund, Joakim & Edgerton, David L. & Opper, Sonja, 2010. "Why is Chinese provincial output diverging?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 333-344, August.
    8. Qichun He, 2011. "Does FDI Promote Human Capital Accumulation? The Role of Gradual Financial Liberalization," CEMA Working Papers 455, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    9. Bracalente, Bruno & Perugini, Cristiano & Pompei, Fabrizio, 2008. "What Sorts of Agglomerations Really Matter to Productivity?: A Regional Analysis of Europe's Manufacturing Sector," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 38(2), pages 145-172.
    10. Stefania BUSSOLETTI & Roberto ESPOSTI, 2004. "Regional Convergence, Structural Funds and the Role of Agricolture in the EU. A Panel-Data Approach," Working Papers 220, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    11. Jongchul Lee, 2006. "Sources Of Divergence Between Coastal And Interior Regions In China," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 31(2), pages 123-138, December.
    12. T. Gries & M. Redlin, 2011. "International integration and the determinants of regional development in China," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 149-177, April.
    13. Aroca, Patricio & Guo, Dong & Hewings, Geoffrey J.D., 2006. "Spatial Convergence in China: 1952-99," WIDER Working Paper Series 089, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    14. Gries, Thomas & Redlin, Margarete, 2008. "International Integration and Regional Development in China," WIDER Working Paper Series 066, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    15. Sergio J. Rey & Mark V. Janikas, 2005. "Regional convergence, inequality, and space," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(2), pages 155-176, April.
    16. Sergio J. Rey & Mark V. Janikas, 2003. "Convergence and space," Urban/Regional 0311002, EconWPA, revised 16 Nov 2003.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Provincial convergence; China; panel data; GMM estimators;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods

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