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The Impact of Worker Effort on Public Sentiment Towards Temporary Migrants

  • Gil S. Epstein

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Bar Ilan University)

  • Alessandra Venturini

    (University of Turin)

Temporary and circular migration programs have been devised by many destination countries and supported by the European Commission as a policy to reduce welfare and social costs of immigration in destination countries. In this paper we present an additional reason for proposing temporary migration policies based on the characteristics of the foreign labor-effort supply. The level of effort exerted by migrants, which decreases over their duration in the host country, positively affects production, real wages and capital owners' profits. We show that the acceptance of job offers by migrants result in the displacement in employment of national workers. However it increases the workers‟ exertion, decreases prices and thus can counter anti-immigrant voter sentiment. Therefore, the favorable sentiment of the capital owners and the local population towards migrants may rise when temporary migration policies are adopted.

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File URL: http://www.biu.ac.il/soc/ec/wp/2011-19.pdf
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Paper provided by Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2011-19.

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Date of creation: Apr 2011
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Handle: RePEc:biu:wpaper:2011-19
Contact details of provider: Postal: Faculty of Social Sciences, Bar Ilan University 52900 Ramat-Gan
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Web page: http://www.biu.ac.il/soc/ec
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  9. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1994. "A Theory of the Welfare State," NBER Working Papers 4856, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  13. Schmidt, Christoph M. & Stilz, Anette & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 1994. "Mass migration, unions, and government intervention," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 185-201, October.
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