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Políticas de País y Logros de Regiones: el Caso de la Calidad de la Educación Secundaria en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Franco

    ()

  • Arlen Guarín

    ()

  • Carlos Medina

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Christian M. Posso

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

Este documento evalúa la convergencia a nivel municipal en el logro educativo de los colegios públicos y privados en el período 1980-2014, usando el test de Phillips y Sul (2007, 2009). Aunque los principios que dictaminan la provisión de educación pública son homogéneos en todo el país, y los esfuerzos que la descentralización de competencias y recursos hace para compensar las diferencias regionales, el logro educativo promedio de los diferentes municipios no evidencia patrones de convergencia global. No obstante, se establece la presencia de seis clubes de convergencia. Los primeros dos clubes, los cuales incluyen los municipios con mejor desempeño, están desproporcionalmente representados por colegios privados en municipios localizados en las principales áreas metropolitanas del país, mientras que los últimos tres clubes están compuestos principalmente por colegios públicos localizados en el litoral Pacífico y en la región Caribe. De esta forma, se hace evidente la necesidad de implementar reformas nacionales que no solo descentralicen el gasto, sino que también creen mecanismos que permitan mejorar la productividad en la provisión de servicios de educación de las diferentes regiones del país.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Franco & Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Christian M. Posso, 2017. "Políticas de País y Logros de Regiones: el Caso de la Calidad de la Educación Secundaria en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 981, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:981
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Peter C. B. Phillips & Donggyu Sul, 2007. "Transition Modeling and Econometric Convergence Tests," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(6), pages 1771-1855, November.
    2. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2008. "The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 46(3), pages 607-668, September.
    3. Ignacio Lozano & María Adelaida Martínez, 2013. "Enrollment and quality levels of Colombia’s public basic education: Has fiscal decentralization improved them?," Borradores de Economia 747, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    6. Faguet, Jean-Paul & Sánchez, Fabio, 2008. "Decentralization's Effects on Educational Outcomes in Bolivia and Colombia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 1294-1316, July.
    7. Jean-Paul Faguet & Fabio Sánchez, 2014. "Decentralization and access to social services in Colombia," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 160(1), pages 227-249, July.
    8. Adolfo Meisel, 1993. "¿Polarización o convergancia? A propósito de Cárdenas, Pontón y Trujillo," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 23(2), pages 153-160, July.
    9. Angell, Alan & Lowden, Pamela & Thorp, Rosemary, 2001. "Decentralizing Development: The Political Economy of Institutional Change in Colombia and Chile," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199242313.
    10. Richard M. Bird, 2012. "Fiscal Decentralization in Colombia: A Work (Still) in Progress," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1223, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Educación; Calidad de Educación; Convergencia; Clubes de Convergencia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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